Ecosystem Biodiversity in Malaysia


Malaysia has several kinds of ecosystem. Article 4 introduces the major ecosystems found in Malaysia. From the lowland to the highland forests, from marine to mangrove to peats swamps each ecosystem has its own characters. For each ecosystem, major characteristics were described, highlighting its importance, problems and values.

Below are the sub-topics available under this article:

  1. Introduction to Fauna
  2. Marine ecosystem
  3. Beach forest
  4. Flood plains and riverine forest
  5. Mangrove
  6. Peat swamp
  7. Hill forest
  8. Submontane forest
  9. Montane forest
  10. Bamboo forest
  11. Heath forest
  12. Limestone forest


Ecosystem, characteristics, flora, fauna, importance, threats, conservation