GlobinMed Crop Production Technology: Glossary

Terms Description
 Air-dried  Drying by exposing to dry air (drying under shade)
Alluvial soil A type of soil developed along the flood plains or river banks
Ample sunlight The growing condition by which sunlight is more than that is required by the plant (the actual requirement depends on the crop species)
Basal dressing The fertiliser applied for the initial stage of crop growth
Blooming period The period(s) of the year when a particular crop species are expected to produce flowers
Bris soil A sandy type of soil usually found in costal areas in the east coast of Peninsular Malaysia, Sarawak and Sabah.
Commercial crops Crops that are grown for sale, rather than exclusively for own consumption
Commercial drying oven Large-scale oven used to dry plant material.
Compost Organic materials derived from plant and animal matter that has been decomposed largely through aerobic decomposition
Disc harrow A farm implement that consists of a row of iron or steel discs that are used to plough the land
Disc plough See: disc harrow
Drip-tape A special type of tubing used in drip irrigation system
Dry weight The plant materials that has the moisture content of less than 10%
Ex-situ conservation Conservation of the crop species outside its natural growth environment (habitat)
Excess soil moisture The condition by which the soil moisture content is higher than the optimum level (such as under waterlogged conditions)
Full maturity The stage by which the plant are fully grown, developed or ripe (fruit) and ready to be harvested.
Full sunlight The growing condition by which the crops are planted under unobstructed sunlight
Fully grown plants The stage where the plant has developed to their full size and will not grow any bigger
Furrow irrigation The type of irrigation system by which the water are distributed in furrows between the planting beds
Hardening process The process of gradually exposing the seedlings to a harsher environment
Healthy seedlings Seedlings those are vigorous and free from mechanical defects, pests and diseases infestations
High humidity The condition when the air moisture content is greater than 90%
Idle land Land that was previously cultivated but is left fallow
 Mature rhizomes  Fully grown underground stems
Mechanical injury Injury of a plant parts either by abrasion or cuts
Micro jet A type of water dispersal unit that distributes water within a small area
Mono-cropping The cropping systems where only one particular crop is grown in the same field.
Open field production systems A system of production by which the crops are planted under full sunlight (no shade effects)
Perennial plant The type of plant that lives for more than two years.
Physiological growth stage The stage by which the plants starts to produce the different organs such as leaves, flowers and fruits
Planting distance The distance between the planting points (within and between rows)
Planting season The period of the year when climatic conditions are favourable for the crop growth
Plastic mulch Plastic sheets used to cover the planting beds to suppress weeds and conserve water
Ploughing To break and turn over soil by using plough
Post harvest Activities that are related in maintaining the quality of the harvested produce
Potting medium Material used for growing plants in containers. The composition may include vermiculite, perlite, sand, peat, charcoal, loam and fertilizer.
Professional collectors The individuals who collected the herbs from the forests and sell to processing companies
Propagation Production of planting materials, either by vegetative means or seeds
Pruning The selective removal of parts of a plant
Root cuttings Cuttings taken from the root of a plant and used for propagation
Roto-tillage operation The process of improving the soil structure by using rotovator
Rotovation Process to break up the soil using rotovator
Sandy loam The type of soil with composition of sand, silt and clay at about 40%, 40% and 20% respectively
Shoot cuttings Cuttings taken from the young shoot or immature stem of a plant and used for propagation
Stem cuttings Cuttings taken from the stem of a plant and used for propagation
Sufficient water Enough water for optimum crop growth
Sun-dried Drying by exposing directly to the sunlight
Time of harvest The right time by which the crops are harvested
Tin tailing A sandy type of soil developed as result of the tin mining activities
Vegetative propagation The use of vegetative parts of the plants as the source of the planting materials
Virgin land The land that is never been developed for crop cultivation.