Crateva magna (Lour.) DC.

Last updated: 13 Apr 2016

Scientific Name

Crateva magna (Lour.) DC.


Crateva religiosa Blume, Crateva nurvala Buch.-Ham. [1]

Vernacular Name

Malaysia Bulan ayer, dala [1][2]
China Sha li mu [2]
India Adhiraaja, banna, barna, bitusi, chinnavulimidi, holenekki, maaredu, naarumbele, nirval, ramala, sethu bandhana, uskia tammidi, varanam, vitasi [2]
Indonesia Sibaluak (Sumatra); jaranan (Javanese); pingos (Kalimantan) [1]; jaranan [2]
Thailand Kum nam (General); ro-tha (Northern); hoh-thoh (South-western) [1]
Myanmar Kadat [1], ka-tak [2]
Vietnam B[us]n, co c[uj]m [1].

Geographical Distributions

Crateva magna is distributed in India, Burma (Myanmar), Southern China, Hainan, Indo-China, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java and Kalimantan. [1]

C. magna is rather rare, and occurs mostly along streams in shady locations, sometimes near the seashore, up to 600 m altitude. [1]

Botanical Description

C. magna is a member of the Capparidaceae family. It is a tree of about 8-15(-20) m in height. The branchlets are slightly zigzag, yellowish-brown. The stalk of a leaf is about 4-12 cm long; on the top bearing numerous gland-like appendages, it is up to 1 mm long and pale brown. [1]

The leaflets are lance-shaped but sometimes oblong, (4.5-)9-15(-28) cm x 2-6.5 cm. Central leaflet is the broadest. Lateral ones are more or less symmetrical, base acute, apex acuminate and firmly herbaceous. The veins have 10-22 pairs while the stalk of a leaflet is between 0-10 mm long. [1]

The inflorescence is about 10-16 cm long with 20-100 flowers. Bracts are early falling off. It is 5-9 mm long while the stalk of individual flower is 4-7 cm long. Sepals are egg-shaped, about 2-3.5 mm x 1.5 mm in size. Apex is acute, petals are rhomboid to elliptical, (8-)15-30 mm x (5-)15-22 mm, narrowed base 5-12 mm long. It has about 10-25 stamens with the size of 3.5-4.5 cm long. The filaments are purple in colour, anthers are 3 mm long, gynophore 3.5-5.5 cm long. [1]

The fruit consists of 5-5.5 cm x 4-4.5 cm berries, solid, ellipsoid, and yellowish-grey. The seed is with a crest of sharp but irregular protrusions. [1]


No documentation.

Chemical Constituent

No documentation.

Plant Part Used

No documentation.

Traditional Use

No documentation.

Preclinical Data

No documentation.

Clinical Data

No documentation.


No documentation.

Poisonous Management

No documentation.

Line drawing


Figure 1: The line drawing of C. magna [1]


  1. Aguilar NO. Crateva magna (Lour.) DC. In: van Valkenburg JLCH, Bunyapraphatsara N, editors. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 12(2): Medicinal and poisonous plants 2. Leiden, Netherlands: Backhuys Publishers, 2001; p.190.
  2. Quattrocchi U. CRC world dictionary of medicinal and poisonous plants: Common names, scientific names, eponyms, synonyms, and etymology. Volume II C-D. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press; 2012. p. 463.