Compilation of herbal plants (description, geographical distribution, taxonomy, line drawings), biodiversity and herbarium.

Read More
Research & Publication

Description of herbal and T&CM research, searchable publication and process from medicinal plant discovery to clinical trial in producing a high-quality registered herbal drug.

Read More
Traditional & Complementary Medicine (T&CM)


Definition and description of therapies, policy, training and education, research in the practise of (T&CM) and integrated medicine system.           

Read More


News Update

Announcement & Advertisement

Forthcoming Events

International Conference on Traditional Medicine and Phytochemistry 2021

From Mon, 12. July 2021 Until Wed, 14. July 2021

Asian Symposium on Medicinal Plants and Spices XVII (2020)

From Tue, 17. August 2021 Until Thu, 19. August 2021

Fagraea elliptica Roxb.

Fagraea elliptica Roxb.




Fagraea speciosa (Blume) Blume, F. sumatrana Miq., F. javanensis (Blume) Bakh.f.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia Tembasu (Peninsular), perapat padang (Iban, Sarawak).
Indonesia Ki tandu (Sundanese), tembesu ketam (Sumatra), tonki tonki (Ambon).
Brunei Temasok.

Geographical Distributions

Fragrea elliptica is distributed throughout in peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, western Java, Borneo, Sulawesi, the Moluccas and New Guinea.


F. elliptica is a medium-sized to large tree that can reach up to measure 45 m tall, up to  measure150 cm in diametre of the bole and occasionally with buttresses up to measure 1 m high. The bark surface is smooth and becomes scaly, pale green to grey in colour  while the inner bark is yellow.

The leaves are lance-shaped or oblong to obovate or sometimes broadly obovate in shape, with a size of measuring 7.5-24(-32) cm x 1.7-15 cm, usually acuminate apex and rarely obtuse or rounded to slightly retuse. The secondary veins are prominent or indistinct in thick leaves. The petiole is measure 1-4 cm long while the stipules connate in a ring around the stem.

The inflorescence is terminal and axillary and the pedicel is with halfway bracteoles or slightly less than halfway. The petal tube is narrow and cylindrical, with a size of measure 3.5-6(-8) mm long, headed stigma and obscurely 2-lobed.

The orange to brick-red fruit is spherical and with a size measure 0.5-0.8 cm across.

Ecology / Cultivation

F. elliptica occurs in a wide variety of habitats, from well-drained or even dry locations on sandy soils to marshy or temporarily inundated sites, usually in forest but also as a shrub in open grassy locations or on hill tops, up to 1800 m altitude.

Line Drawing / Photograph



  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 5 (2): Timber trees: Minor commercial timbers.


Explore Further

Consumer Data

Consumer data including medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs and interactions and depletions.                                    

Read More
Professional Data

Professional data organized into medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs, T&CM herbs, formulas, health conditions, interactions and depletions.

Read More
International Data

We offer International linkages to provide extensive content pertaining to many facets of T&CM as well as Integrated Medicine. Please register for access.    

Read More