Fagraea elliptica Roxb.

Fagraea elliptica Roxb.




Fagraea speciosa (Blume) Blume, F. sumatrana Miq., F. javanensis (Blume) Bakh.f.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia Tembasu (Peninsular), perapat padang (Iban, Sarawak).
Indonesia Ki tandu (Sundanese), tembesu ketam (Sumatra), tonki tonki (Ambon).
Brunei Temasok.

Geographical Distributions

Fragrea elliptica is distributed throughout in peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, western Java, Borneo, Sulawesi, the Moluccas and New Guinea.


F. elliptica is a medium-sized to large tree that can reach up to measure 45 m tall, up to  measure150 cm in diametre of the bole and occasionally with buttresses up to measure 1 m high. The bark surface is smooth and becomes scaly, pale green to grey in colour  while the inner bark is yellow.

The leaves are lance-shaped or oblong to obovate or sometimes broadly obovate in shape, with a size of measuring 7.5-24(-32) cm x 1.7-15 cm, usually acuminate apex and rarely obtuse or rounded to slightly retuse. The secondary veins are prominent or indistinct in thick leaves. The petiole is measure 1-4 cm long while the stipules connate in a ring around the stem.

The inflorescence is terminal and axillary and the pedicel is with halfway bracteoles or slightly less than halfway. The petal tube is narrow and cylindrical, with a size of measure 3.5-6(-8) mm long, headed stigma and obscurely 2-lobed.

The orange to brick-red fruit is spherical and with a size measure 0.5-0.8 cm across.

Ecology / Cultivation

F. elliptica occurs in a wide variety of habitats, from well-drained or even dry locations on sandy soils to marshy or temporarily inundated sites, usually in forest but also as a shrub in open grassy locations or on hill tops, up to 1800 m altitude.

Line Drawing / Photograph



  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 5 (2): Timber trees: Minor commercial timbers.