Compilation of herbal plants (description, geographical distribution, taxonomy, line drawings), biodiversity and herbarium.

Read More
Research & Publication

Description of herbal and T&CM research, searchable publication and process from medicinal plant discovery to clinical trial in producing a high-quality registered herbal drug.

Read More
Traditional & Complementary Medicine (T&CM)


Definition and description of therapies, policy, training and education, research in the practise of (T&CM) and integrated medicine system.           

Read More


News Update

Announcement & Advertisement

Forthcoming Events

International Congress on Drug Delivery

From Mon, 5. October 2020 Until Tue, 6. October 2020

Global Pharmaceutical and Pharma Industry Conference

From Mon, 12. October 2020 Until Tue, 13. October 2020

14th International Conference on Pharmaceutics and Drug Safety

From Wed, 21. October 2020 Until Thu, 22. October 2020

Seminar Tumbuhan Ubatan, Beraroma dan Pegetahuan Tradisi 2020

From Tue, 10. November 2020 Until Wed, 11. November 2020

2nd International Conference on Natural Products & Traditional Medicine

From Mon, 16. November 2020 Until Tue, 17. November 2020

Tetracera indica (Houtt. Ex Christm. & Panz.) Merr.

Tetracera indica (Houtt. Ex Christm. & Panz.) Merr.




Assa indica Houtt. ex Christm. & Panz., Tetracera assa DC., T. dichotoma Blume.

Vernacular Names

Indonesia akar mempelas (Malay), areuy ki asahan (Sundanese), bo (Javanese).
Thailand yaan pot (peninsular), thao orakhon (central), rotsukhon daeng (Bangkok).
Vietnam ch[awj]c ch[if]u [aas]n.

Geographical Distributions

Tetracera indica is distributed from Burma (Myanmar) southward to Thailand, Indo-China, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Bangka, Java and Madura.


T. indica is a small shrub up to measure2 m tall, or a liana up to measure5 m long.

The leaves are elliptical to oblong or obovate in shape, with a size of measure  (3.5-)6-10(-20) cm x (1.5-)3-5(-9) cm, acute base, obtuse to acute apex, more or less dentate to entire margin, slightly glossy above, not scabrid and with measure about (4-)6-10(-15) mm long petiole.

The inflorescence is terminal or on short lateral few-leaved branches which are up to measure about 8 cm x 6 cm and with (2-)4-7(-12)-flowered. The flowers are measure 2.5-3 cm in diametre, with 4 sepals which are with a size of measure about 8-10 mm x 7-9 mm and hairless while the petals are (3-)4(-5), with a size of measure 12-15 mm x 6-8 mm, reddish white in colour, red in colour of stamens, white at the base, with 3-4 carpels and with a few rigid hairs on the back.

The capsule is globular in shape, with a size of measure about 1 cm in diametre, with a measuring 2-6 mm long beak and (1-)2(-7)-seeded.

The seed is an ovoid in shape, with a size of measure about 3-4 mm x 2-3 mm, with a measure about 1 cm long aril, fimbriate to its base and bright red in colour.

Ecology / Cultivation

T. indica is found in open places in general ranging from open forest, bushland to recently abandoned fields, from sea-level up to 600 m altitude.

Line Drawing / Photograph



    1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 12 (2): Medicinal and poisonous plants 2.

    Explore Further

    Consumer Data

    Consumer data including medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs and interactions and depletions.                                    

    Read More
    Professional Data

    Professional data organized into medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs, T&CM herbs, formulas, health conditions, interactions and depletions.

    Read More
    International Data

    We offer International linkages to provide extensive content pertaining to many facets of T&CM as well as Integrated Medicine. Please register for access.    

    Read More