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Stephania capitata (Blume) Sprengel

Stephania capitata (Blume) Sprengel

Family

Menispermaceae

 

Synonyms

None

 

Vernacular Names

Indonesia Areuy geureung, areuy camcau minyak (Sundanese), sumpat kendi (Javanese).

 

Geographical Distributions

Stephania capitata is distributed in peninsular Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Bali and Borneo.

 

Description

S. capitata is a slender woody climber that can reach up to measure 15 m long. The root is tuberous and spindle-shaped.

The leaves are lance-shaped to broadly ovate in shape and with a size of measure about  6-17 cm x 2.5-10.5(-14) cm.

The flowers are in peduncled capitula which are on a short axillary axis and sessile.

The fruit is on a slender stalk and red in colour while the dorsally endocarp is with 4 rows of capitate projections.

 

Ecology / Cultivation

S. capitata generally occur scattered in forest on plains and mountains up to 2000 m altitude.

 

Line Drawing / Photograph

Stephania_capitata

References

    1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 12 (1): Medicinal and poisonous plants 1.

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