Litsea glutinosa (Lour.) C.B. Robinson

Litsea glutinosa (Lour.) C.B. Robinson




Litsea chinensis Lamk, L. glabraria A.L. Juss., L. tetranthera (Willd.) Pers., L. geminata Blume.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia Malek (Peninsular).
Indonesia Wuru lilin (Javanese, Java), huru tangkalak (Sundanese, Java), malih (western Kalimantan).
Philippines Sablot (General), balongai, porikit (Tagalog).
Thailand Mimen (Northern), muthaluang (Chanthaburi), thang-buan (Pattani).

Geographical Distributions

Litsea glutinosa is occurs from India through Indo-China towards the Malesian area where it occurs in all parts, and northern Australia; sometimes planted.


L. glutinosa is a small to medium-sized tree which is up to measure 20 m tall, with straight or curved bole, up to measure 60 cm in diametre and not buttressed. The bark surface is greyish-brown in colour  while the inner bark is yellowish in colour.

The leaves are arranged spirally, with a size measure about 10-30 cm x 3-13.5 cm and blunt or rounded. The main veins are hairy above, yellowish hairy below, midrib raised or flattened above and with 6-11 pairs of secondary veins which are not sunken above. The tertiary venation is prominent below and with a size measure about 1-3.5 cm long petiole.

The flowers are in umbellules that arranged in racemes on a measuring  0.7-2.5 cm long peduncle, with 0-3 tepals and 9-15 stamens.

The fruit is a depressed spherical or spherical in shape and measure about 1-2.5 cm across.

Ecology / Cultivation

L. glutinosa is found in mixed primary and secondary forest and thickets, also occurs up to 1300 m altitude.

Line Drawing / Photograph



  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 5 (2): Timber trees: Minor commercial timbers