Compilation of herbal plants (description, geographical distribution, taxonomy, line drawings), biodiversity and herbarium.

Read More
Research & Publication

Description of herbal and T&CM research, searchable publication and process from medicinal plant discovery to clinical trial in producing a high-quality registered herbal drug.

Read More
Traditional & Complementary Medicine (T&CM)


Definition and description of therapies, policy, training and education, research in the practise of (T&CM) and integrated medicine system.           

Read More


News Update

Announcement & Advertisement

Forthcoming Events

Annual Congress on Traditional Medicine

From Wed, 12. May 2021 Until Thu, 13. May 2021

5th International Conference on Medical and Health Informatics (ICMHI 2021

From Fri, 14. May 2021 Until Sun, 16. May 2021

International Conference on Traditional Medicine and Phytochemistry 2021

From Mon, 12. July 2021 Until Wed, 14. July 2021

Asian Symposium on Medicinal Plants and Spices XVII (2020)

From Tue, 17. August 2021 Until Thu, 19. August 2021

Croton griffithii Hook.f.

Croton griffithii Hook.f.





Vernacular Names

Malaysia Tapin batu, melokan ayer, kemesak (Peninsular).
Indonesia Tumpung (Malay).

Geographical Distributions

Croton griffithi is occurs in lower Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia and Borneo.



C.griffithii is a small tree that can reach up to measure 12 m tall.

The leaves are elliptical to obovate in shape, measuring about 10-27 cm x 5-12 cm, drying clear orange-brown, dark brown or grey-brown in colour, obtuse to attenuate base, obtuse to mucronate apex and with entire to obscurely serrate margin. The lower surface is nearly hairless or weakly hairy near the midrib.

The inflorescence is hairless to sparsely lepidote. The flowers are solitary while sepals are apically bearded. The flowers are staminate and with 8-15 stamens. The pistillate flowers are with 5 large disk glands. The ovary is 3-lobed depressed, stellately hairy and white with scales.

The fruit is a 3-lobed depressed capsule,with a size is measure about 1 cm in diametre, sparsely lepidote and smooth.


Ecology / Cultivation

C. griffithii is found in primary submontane forest on brown sandy soil, limestone or heavy loam over limestone, up to 1050 m altitude.


Line Drawing / Photograph



    1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 12 (2): Medicinal and poisonous plants.

    Explore Further

    Consumer Data

    Consumer data including medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs and interactions and depletions.                                    

    Read More
    Professional Data

    Professional data organized into medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs, T&CM herbs, formulas, health conditions, interactions and depletions.

    Read More
    International Data

    We offer International linkages to provide extensive content pertaining to many facets of T&CM as well as Integrated Medicine. Please register for access.    

    Read More