Compilation of herbal plants (description, geographical distribution, taxonomy, line drawings), biodiversity and herbarium.

Read More
Research & Publication

Description of herbal and T&CM research, searchable publication and process from medicinal plant discovery to clinical trial in producing a high-quality registered herbal drug.

Read More
Traditional & Complementary Medicine (T&CM)


Definition and description of therapies, policy, training and education, research in the practise of (T&CM) and integrated medicine system.           

Read More


News Update

Announcement & Advertisement

Forthcoming Events

Annual Congress on Traditional Medicine

From Wed, 12. May 2021 Until Thu, 13. May 2021

5th International Conference on Medical and Health Informatics (ICMHI 2021

From Fri, 14. May 2021 Until Sun, 16. May 2021

International Conference on Traditional Medicine and Phytochemistry 2021

From Mon, 12. July 2021 Until Wed, 14. July 2021

Asian Symposium on Medicinal Plants and Spices XVII (2020)

From Tue, 17. August 2021 Until Thu, 19. August 2021

Cayratia trifolia (L.) Domin

Cayratia trifolia (L.) Domin




Vitis trifolia L., Cissus trifolia (L.) K. Schum., C. carnosa (Lamk) Gagnep.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia Lakum, daun kapialun, galing-galing.
Indonesia Galing (Javanese), gumburu rogbo-robo (Ternate), ai lau salak (Ambonese).
Papua New Guinea Vualai, vaulai (Gunantuna, East New Britain).
Philippines Kalit-kalit (Tagalog), alangingi (Bisaya), arinat (Iloko).
Laos Ta det.
Thailand Thao kan khaao (Central).
Vietnam s[af]n s[aj]t, d[aa]y v[as]c.

Geographical Distributions

From India to southern China, Indo-China, through Malesia and the Pacific Islands; not common in Peninsular Malaysia.



Cayratia trifolia is usually a deciduous climber, measure 2-20 m long, with angular stems, pubescent when young, 4-5-fid tendrils, ending in adhesive disks and tuberous roots.

The leaves are 3-foliolate, measure 2-4 cm long petiole, ovate to oblong-ovate leaflets, with a size of measuring 2-8 cm x 1.5-5 cm and coarsely toothed margins. The lateral leaflets are often lobed where both surfaces are pubescent and often become sparsely when old.

The inflorescence is axillary, corymbiform cymose, with 3-4 of primary branches, measure about 6-9 cm x 3-6 cm and with long peduncle. The small flowers are greenish-white in colour.

The berry is a compressed spherical in shape, measure about 1 cm in diametre, dark purple or black in colour  and it is 2-4-seeded.


Ecology / Cultivation

C. trifolia occurs in thickets and open forest, from sea-level up to 400 m altitude.


Line Drawing / Photograph



    1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 12 (2): Medicinal and poisonous plants.

    Explore Further

    Consumer Data

    Consumer data including medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs and interactions and depletions.                                    

    Read More
    Professional Data

    Professional data organized into medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs, T&CM herbs, formulas, health conditions, interactions and depletions.

    Read More
    International Data

    We offer International linkages to provide extensive content pertaining to many facets of T&CM as well as Integrated Medicine. Please register for access.    

    Read More