Canarium hirsutum Willd.

Canarium hirsutum Willd.




Canarium hispidum Blume, C. multipinnatum Llanos, C. subcordatum Ridley.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia Kedondong (General), damar degun (Peninsular), kambayau  burong (Sabah).
Indonesia Ki bonteng (West Java), kanari jaki (northern Sulawesi), mede-mede (Moluccas).
Philippines Dulit (General), bakayan (Panay Bisaya), hagushus (Bikol).

Geographical Distributions

Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, the Philippines, Sulawesi, the Moluccas, New Guinea, the Caroline Islands (Palau) and the Solomon Islands.



Canarium hirsutum is a medium-sized, sometimes large tree that can reach up to 32(-48) m tall and with straight bole. It is branchless for up to 24(-36.5) m, measure up to 60(-200) cm in diametre and usually absent or with very small buttresses. The bark surface is greyish-brown to dark brown in colour. The stipules are absent or present and inserted at the base of the petiole.

The leaves are with 9-27 leaflets, thick rachis with sharp edges, gradually to rather abruptly short-acuminate leaflets at the apex, entire margin, variably pubescent to hairless and with 12-30 pairs of the secondary veins.

The inflorescence is an axillary where the male one is paniculate while the female one is subracemose. The flowers are measure 10-13 mm long and with 6 stamens.

The  fruit is measure about 20-63 mm x 17-45 mm and  is an ovoid in shape, circular in cross-section and usually with irritating reddish-brown hairs.


Ecology / Cultivation

C. hirsutum is locally rather common in primary and secondary forest in wet to well-drained locations, usually at low elevations, rarely up to 1800 m altitude.


Line Drawing / Photograph



    1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 5 (2): Timber trees: Minor commercial timbers.