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Typhonium trilobatum (Linn.) Schott.

Synonyms

Arisaema pumilum Blume, Arum auriculatum Sims, Arum orixense Roxb. ex. Andrews, Arum orixense Roxb., Arum pumilum Lam., Arum trilobatum Linn., Desmesia orixensis (Roxb. ex Andrews) Raf., Dracunculus trilobatus (L.) Raf., Typhonium orixense (Roxb. ex Andrews) Schott, Typhonium siamense  Engl., Typhonium triste Griff. [1]

Vernacular Names:

Malaysia Keladi Puyuh
Philippines Gabi-gabihan, Maluibon
India Karu Karunai Kizhangu, Karunai Kizhangu. [2][3][5]

General Information

Description

Typhonium trilobatum is a member of the Araceae family. The tubers are rounded, white, with small inequalities and having many fibers issuing from the apex. The leaves are radical, stalked, deeply trilobed. The lobes are ovate, pointed, a little scalloped, smooth about 20-25cm wide, and of the same length. Petioles are erect, round, tapering, striated and about 30cm long, sheathing and embracing one another at the base. Spathe is shorter than the petiole, striated, erect, red inside and herbaceous outside. The spandix, at the base is surrounded with ovaries, crowned with many yellow, branched filaments. The middle is covered with anthers while the apex is scarlet, as long as the rest of the spandix, erect, tapering, subulate from a concave broad base. [4]

Plant Part Used

Tuber [3]

Chemical Constituents

Carotene; folic acid; niacin; thiamine; sterols; beta-sitosterol. [3]

Traditional Used:

Gastrointestinal Diseases

The tuber is eaten with banana as a remedy for stomach complaints and haemorrhoids. [3] [6] 

Other uses

The tuber is considered a remedy for venomous snake bites where the tuber is applied over the bite while at the same time is given internally. The tuber is edible after boiling. [4] [6]

Pre-Clinical Data

Pharmacology

Anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-diarrhoeal activities

The ethanol extract of the leaves of T. trilobatum was subjected to a series of test and was found to possess anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antidiarrhoeal activities. [7]

Wound Healing Activity

The incision and excision models were used to evaluate the wound healing activity of three extracts (methanol, ethyl-acetate and chloroform) of T. trilobatum. It was found that all three could significantly enhance wound healing activity with the methanol and etyl-acetate extracts being more potent than the chloroform extract. [8]

 

Toxicities

No documentation

Teratogenic effects

No documentation 

Clinical Data

Clinical Trials

No documentation

Adverse Effects in Human:

No documentation

Used in Certain Conditions

Pregnancy / Breastfeeding

No documentation

Age Limitations

Neonates / Adolescents

No documentation

Geriatrics

No documentation

Chronic Disease Conditions

No documentation

Interactions

Interactions with drugs

No documentation

Interactions with Other Herbs / Herbal Constituents

No documentation

Contraindications

Contraindications

No documentation

Case Reports

No documentation

References

  1. The Plant List [internet]. [Accessed on 21st April 2014]. Available from http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl/record/kew-209540
  2. Burkill IH. A Dictionary of the Economic Products of the Malay Peninsula Volume 2, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperative Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, 1966 pg. 2235
  3. Khare CP. Indian Medicinal Plants: An Illustrated Dictionary, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2007 pg. 681
  4. Lindley J. Flora Medica: A Botanical Account of all the more important plants used in Medicine, Longman, Orme, Brown, and Longmans, London 1838 pg. 603
  5. Reyes JG. Alternative Food Sources, Rex Printing Co. Inc., Quezon City 1991 pg. 34
  6. Vardhana R. Direct Uses of Medicinal Plants and their Identification, Sarup & Sons, New Delhi, 2008, pg. 350
  7. Ali K, Ashraf A, Nath Biswas N. Analgesic, anti-inflammatory and anti-diarrheal activities of ethanolic leaf extract of Typhonium trilobatum L. Schott. Asian Pac J Trop Biomed. 2012 Sep;2(9):722-6.
  8. Roy SK, Mishra PK, Nandy S, Datta R, Chakraborty B. Potential wound healing activity of the difference extract of Typhonium trilobatum in albino rats, Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine (2012)S1477-S148

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