image
Conservation

Compilation of herbal plants (description, geographical distribution, taxonomy, line drawings), biodiversity and herbarium.

Read More
image
Research & Publication

Description of herbal and T&CM research, searchable publication and process from medicinal plant discovery to clinical trial in producing a high-quality registered herbal drug.

Read More
 
Traditional & Complementary Medicine (T&CM)

 

Definition and description of therapies, policy, training and education, research in the practise of (T&CM) and integrated medicine system.           

Read More

 

News Update

Announcement & Advertisement

Forthcoming Events

Annual Congress on Traditional Medicine

From Wed, 12. May 2021 Until Thu, 13. May 2021

5th International Conference on Medical and Health Informatics (ICMHI 2021

From Fri, 14. May 2021 Until Sun, 16. May 2021

International Conference on Traditional Medicine and Phytochemistry 2021

From Mon, 12. July 2021 Until Wed, 14. July 2021

Asian Symposium on Medicinal Plants and Spices XVII (2020)

From Tue, 17. August 2021 Until Thu, 19. August 2021

Ruellia repens Linn.

Synonyms

Dipteracanthus lanceolatus Nees, Dipteracanthus repens (Linn.) Hasskarl. [6]

Vernacular Names

Malaysia Akar Keremak, Deras Malam, Rumput Halyor, Daun Patok Tuau, Seranam
English Creeping Ruellia
China Nan Cao
Indonesia Plinten, Remah, Sekatan
Thailand Chaa Horn, Faa Maeng
Vietnam Qu[ar] n[oor[ b[of], Song d[uw]c [1][2][3]

General Information

Description

Ruellia repens is a member of the Acanthaceae family. It is a perennial and creeping herbaceous plant that can reach up to 50cm tall. Roots are non-tuberous. The stems are almost quadrangular, finely pubescent or glabrescent. The petiole measures 3-5mm long. The leaf blade is ovate to linear-lanceolate measuring 1.4-4 x 0.8-2cm, thinly papery and both surfaces sparsely strigose. There are 4-5 secondary veins on each side of the midvein. The base is broadly cuneate to rounded, the margin is subentire and the apex is acuminate to acute. The flowers appear at the axilla, usually solitary with ovate to ovate-oblong bracteoles. The calyx lobe is lanceolate measuring 5mm with ciliated margins. The corolla is white to light purple measuring 1.2-2cm, outside pilose. The stamens with longer pair are 5mm long and shorter pair are 2mm, filaments are glabrous and anther thecae about 1mm long. The ovary is comose and the style 1cm long hirsute. The stigma lobes are unequal.  The capsules are brownish yellow, stipitate and slightly pilose with 12-16 seeds. [1]

Plant Part Used

Leaves [5]

Chemical Constituents

No documentation

Traditional Uses:

The plant is used to treat cough, heal wounds, scalds, ulcers, toothache and stomachache. [3][5]

The pounded leaves are used as poultice for ulcers and sore legs. The powdered dried leaves when mixed with saffron and rice can dissipate heat when applied over the whole body in children who are restless and perspiring heavily. [5] It also can be mixed with warm water and drank to remove kidney stones. [4]

Pre-Clinical Data

Pharmacology

No documentation

Toxicities

No documentation

Teratogenic effects

No documentation

Clinical Data

Clinical Trials

No documentation

Adverse Effects in Human:

No documentation

Used in Certain Conditions

Pregnancy / Breastfeeding

No documentation

Age Limitations

Neonates / Adolescents

No documentation

Geriatrics

No documentation

Chronic Disease Conditions

No documentation

Interactions

Interactions with drugs

No documentation

Interactions with Other Herbs / Herbal Constituents

No documentation

Contraindications

Contraindications

No documentation

Case Reports

No documentation

References

  1. Flora of China. Nan Cao. Available from http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=242345729 [Accessed on 18th April 2013]
  2. Plant Resources of South-east Asia No: 12(3): Medicinal and Poisonous Plants
  3. Akhtar MF, Rashid S, Ahmad M, Usmanghani K. Cardiovascular Evaluation of Ruellia patula and Ruellia brittoniana Journal of Islamic Academy of Sciences. 1992;5(1):67-71
  4. Samuel AJSJ., Kalusalingam A., Chellappan DK., Gopinath R., Radhamani S., Husain HA., Muruganandham V., Promwichit P., Ethnomedical survey of plants used by the Orang Asli in Kampong Bawong, Perak, West Malaysia Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine. 2010; 6:5
  5. Burkill IH., A Dictionary of Economic Products of the Malay Peninsula Volume 2, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, Malaysia Kuala Lumpur. 1966; pg. 1953 - 1954
  6. Tropicos. Accessed on 16th July 2014. Available from http://www.tropicos.org/Name/50007022 

Explore Further

Consumer Data

Consumer data including medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs and interactions and depletions.                                    

Read More
Professional Data

Professional data organized into medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs, T&CM herbs, formulas, health conditions, interactions and depletions.

Read More
International Data

We offer International linkages to provide extensive content pertaining to many facets of T&CM as well as Integrated Medicine. Please register for access.    

Read More