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Tadehagi triquetrum (L.) H.Ohashi

Synonyms

Pteroloma triquetrum (DC) Benth. [1] Desmodium triquetrum (L.) DC., Desmodium triquetrum subsp. genuinum Prain, Desmodium triquetrum subsp. triquetrum L., Meibomia triquetra (L.) Kuntze, Pteroloma triquetrum (L.) Benth., Tadehagi triquetrum subsp. triquetrum. [8][10]

Vernacular Names

Malaysia Puting beliung
China Pai-qian-cao (China); Pie-chin Cho (Hong Kong)
Indonesia Daun duduk, gulu walang, Gerji (Java); Ki congcorang, Genteng jangkeng, Potong kujang, Cen-cen (Sunda); Daun duduk (Sumatra)
Japan Hai-sen-so     [2-6]

General Information

Description

Desmodium triquetrum is a member of the Fabaceae family. It is a herbaceous shrublet. The leaves are unifoliate with winged petioles. The leaves are large, broadly lanceolated, striate stipels. The flowers are small, on slender pedicel, fascicled in laxed racemes, measuring 7.5-15cm long. The calyx is turbinate-campanulate, subtended by 2 bracteoles and 4 lobes. The upper lobe is broad, minutely bidentate, orbicular, with a small ear on each basal margin and a triangular callosity above the claw. The wings are oblong, spurred or eared; keel is bowed, upcurved, narrowed to a blunt beak. The stamens are diadelphous, vexillay stamen free at the base, upcurved and briefly joined with the others but free in the middle. The anthers are uniform; ovary sessile; ovules several; style glabrous above and stigma capitates. The pod is flat, straight, exerted, segments 5-8, single seeded, quadrate. [1]

Plant Part Used

Leaves. [3] [5] [6] [7]

Chemical Constituents

Bufotenine-O-methyl-N,N-dimethyl-tryptamine-oxide; bufotenine; nigerin; N,N-dimethyltryptamine oxide; 5-methoxy-N-methyltryptamine; gramine.   [5]

Traditional Uses

In Traditional Chinese Medicine, D. triquetrum is considered to have the ability to clear away heat, remove toxic material, dispel phlegm, remove stagnancy and destroy parasites. It is also being promoted for use in treatment of common cold, sore throat and haemoptysis due to lung diseases. [3][5] The plant is indicated in the treatment of intestinal problems such as enteritis and dysentery, liver problems such as hepatitis and hepatosplenomegaly, vomiting during pregnancy, infantile nutrition and remedy for piles. Other uses include traumatic injury, to treat bleeding between menstrual period, inflammation of the kidneys, and TB disease (tuberculosis).  [3][5][6][7]

Pre-Clinical Data

Pharmacology

Hepatoprotective activity

The hepatoprotective activity of the ethanol extract of D. triquetrum leaves was evidenced by its ability to reverse the effects of carbon tetrachloride induced hepatic damage in rats. It was found to reduce elevated levels of serum transaminases, alkaline phosphatase, bilirubin and reversed the antioxidant enzyme and non-enzyme levels. [9]

Toxicities

No documentation

Teratogenic effects

No documentation

Clinical Data

Clinical Trials

No documentation

Adverse Effects in Human:

No documentation

Used in Certain Conditions

Pregnancy / Breastfeeding

Its use is contraindicated in pregnancy. [5]

Age Limitations

Neonates / Adolescents

No documentation

Geriatrics

No documentation

Chronic Disease Conditions

No documentation

Interactions

Interactions with drugs

No documentation

Interactions with Other Herbs / Herbal Constituents

No documentation

Contraindications

Contraindications

No documentation

Case Reports

No documentation

References

  1. Allen EK, Allen ON. The Leguminosae: A Source Book of Characteristics, Uses and Nodulation, University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, 1981 pg. 568.
  2. Stevens AM. Kamus Lengkap Indonesia Inggris, PT Mizan Publika, Jakarta 2004 pg. 229.
  3. Anmin C, Yingfu M., Yuan G, Zhemin G. Encyclopedic Reference of Traditional Chinese Medicine Springer Berlin 2003 pg.564.
  4. Plantamor . Available from http://www.plantamor.com/index.php?plant=463 Accessed on  26th October 2012.
  5. Kimura T. International Collation of Traditional and Folk Medicine: Northeast Asia Part 1, World Scientific Publishing Co. Singapore. 1996 pg. 62.
  6. Riyanti GW. Muslimah Cerdas & Kreatif, Quantum Media. Jakarta. 2007 pg. 87.
  7. Hembing HM. Tumpas Hepatitis dengan Ramuan Herbal. Pustaka Bunda. Jakarta. 2008; pg. 49.
  8. Encyclopedia of Life. Available from http://eol.org/pages/643756/overview Accessed on 27th October 2012.
  9. Kalyani GA, Ramesh CK, Krishna V. Hepatoprotective and Antioxidant Activities of Desmodium Triquetrum DC. Indian J Pharm Sci. 2011 Jul;73(4):463-6.
  10. The Plant List. Available from http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/ild-46682 Accessed on 24th June 2014

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