Effects of Camphor on Sexual Behaviors in Male Rats


Akram Jamshidzadeh and Javad Sajedianfard


Traditional & Complementary Medicine Exhibition 2007 (TCME 2007), Putra World Trade Centre (PWTC), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia




camphor, sexual behavior, rat


According to Iran’s folk medicine camphor, a crystalline ketone obtained from essential oils ofCinnamomum camphora, has both sex attenuating and enhancing properties. This study examined the effects of camphor on sexual behavior in male rats. Twenty four sexually mature male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 4 groups receiving intraperitoneal injections of vehicle (olive oil) or camphor at 2.5, 12.5 or 50 mg/kg/day for 7 days. Afterwards, mount latency (ML), mount frequency (MF), intromission latency (IL) and intromission frequency (IF) of male rats in the presence of sexually receptive females (n=24) were recorded. There was no significant difference in MF, IL or IF from control and experimental groups. However, at 50 mg/kg/day, camphor did reduce the ML relative to that of control rats. The finding indicates that at high dose camphor had libido or sex desire attenuating properties.