Commercialization And Reforestation Of Melaleuca cajaputi In Malaysia


Karim B. Yaacob and Daniel Joullin1 Natural Oil Research Laboratories (NOREL), Department of Chemistry, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia 1Research Director, P. Robertet & Cie B.P. 100-06333 Grasse Cedex, France.


Trends in Traditional Medicine Research, Proceedings of the International Conference on the Use of Traditional Medicine & Other Natural Products in Health Care




Melaleuca cajeputi, reforestation, commercialization, volatile oils


Melaleuca cajeputi trees ( local name : pokok gelam ) grows widely as natural stands throughout the peninsular and East Malaysia. It is estimated that in the East Coast of peninsular Malaysia alone the natural stands M. cajeputi covers an area over 10,000 hectares. On steam distillation of the leaves of M. cajeputi, four types of essential oils can be produced. Two of the oils ( designated as phenolic-rich and enol-rich varieties, respectively ) are effective as antibacterial agents and as basic formulations in the development of germicides and body-care products. Continued use of M. cajeputi trees over an extended period of time (possibly over 10 years) anyhow, requires the manufacturer to consider reforestation of the two varieties as part of their long-term corporate policy.