Types Of Basil (Ocimum sp.) Found In Malaysia


N.S. Adirukmini1, M.N. Saleh2, Sarkunavathy1 and M. Muniappan1, 1School of Biological Sciences, 2Centre for off Campus Study Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Minden, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia.


Trends in Traditional Medicine Research, Proceedings of the International Conference on the Use of Traditional Medicine & Other Natural Products in Health Care




Basil, Ocimum sp., morphological study


Research has indicated that the types of basil (Ocimum sp.) found in Malaysia are four varieties of Ocimum sanctum, Linn, and three varieties of Ocimum bacilicum. Linn. Population studies were carried out in the northern region (Penang, Kedah, Pahang, Perak) and the southern region (Johor. Malacca, Selangor) and other random locations. Differences and morphology from the varieties were found on the colour of flowers, the size of flowers, the colour and shape of leaves and seeds and the entire plant as a whole. Anatomical differences were detected from observing tissue differences and stem cells, leaves and flowers. Phytochemical differences were detected from the comparison of essential oils from the leaves of different plants. The entire results obtained were entered as metric characters and the metric data that was available was used to determine the distance in relationship between one variety and another from the same species. This research is only at the fundamental stage and it precedes the more advanced stage whereby the chemical components of the seven varieties will be seen. Although the differences were only based on variety, the widely varying chemical content affects and usage, and these include usage in traditional medicine, spice, beverage, food, salad, etc.