The Prevalence And Management Of Menstrual Problems Of Girls In Shanghai High School


Tan Hui1, Qian Xu1, Wei Meijuan2, Gui Suiqi2, 1School of Public Health, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China, 2Hospital of OBS/GYN, Fudan University, 419 Fang Xie Road, Shanghai 200011, P.R.China


1st International Conference & Exhibition on Women's Health & Asian Traditional (WHAT) Medicine




menstrual problems, management, Chinese traditional medicine


Objective: To survey the prevalence of menstrual problems among senior high school girls in Shanghai, and explore the factors related to menstrual problems of the girls as well as their knowledge and help-seeking sources. Methods: A total of 1116 female students in Grade 10 to 11 in six Shanghai senior high schools attended a self-filling questionnaire survey. The date was analyzed using SPSS for Windows (version 11.0). Results: The mean age of the girls was 16.40 years; their menarche age was 12.94 years. Most girls acquired the knowledge about menstruation from their mothers and classmates. About 64.8% of the girls complained their periods had adversely influenced their daily life (i.e. study, social activities, and others). Menstrual problems are common amongst female adolescents, 61.2% of the girls reported their adverse experience about menstruation. Of these, the most common menstrual problem was dysmenorrhoea, about 58.3%, (47.4% reported middle and severe abdominal pain). Another two common problems were excessive bleeding (39.4%) and irregular periods (35.9%). However, only 12.1% had sought doctors help for their menstrual problems the highest rate of help seeking behaviour (26.1%) was found in girls with amenorrhea, and the lowest rate (6.6%) was found in dysmenorrhoeal girls. In our study, twenty-two percent of the girls used Chinese traditional medicine for menstrual pain relief, most of the girls received medicine from their family and over-the-counter without a prescription. Conclusion: The menstrual problems of senior high school girls were common. But school girls lacked knowledge of and experience with effective treatment. Health education measures are needed to improve their abilities to manage the menstrual problems.