Compilation of herbal plants (description, geographical distribution, taxonomy, line drawings), biodiversity and herbarium.

Read More
Research & Publication

Description of herbal and T&CM research, searchable publication and process from medicinal plant discovery to clinical trial in producing a high-quality registered herbal drug.

Read More
Traditional & Complementary Medicine (T&CM)


Definition and description of therapies, policy, training and education, research in the practise of (T&CM) and integrated medicine system.           

Read More


News Update

Announcement & Advertisement

Forthcoming Events

International Congress on Drug Delivery

From Mon, 5. October 2020 Until Tue, 6. October 2020

Global Pharmaceutical and Pharma Industry Conference

From Mon, 12. October 2020 Until Tue, 13. October 2020

14th International Conference on Pharmaceutics and Drug Safety

From Wed, 21. October 2020 Until Thu, 22. October 2020

Seminar Tumbuhan Ubatan, Beraroma dan Pegetahuan Tradisi 2020

From Tue, 10. November 2020 Until Wed, 11. November 2020

2nd International Conference on Natural Products & Traditional Medicine

From Mon, 16. November 2020 Until Tue, 17. November 2020

Breynia vitis-idaea

Breynia vitis-idaea




Breynia rhamnoides (Willd.) Mull. Arg., Breynia officinalis Hemsley, Breynia microcalyx Ridley.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia Hujan panas, semomah, seruyan.
Philippines Matangulang (Tagalog), sungut-olang (Bisaya), santing (Sulu).
Thailand Kaangplaa thale, phak wan tua phu.
Vietnam C[ut] d[eet].

Geographical Distributions

From India eastward to the Philippines and southward to Peninsular Malaysia.


A shrub or treelet up to 3 m tall and devoid of hairs.

The leaf is egg-shaped. The leaf size is 2.3-5.5 cm x 1.3-3.1 cm and length width ratio is 1.8-2. The base is blunt or rounded at the end as well as the apex and abruptly in a short stiff point. The margin is flat, papery, leaf stalk is 2-4 mm long, stipules are about 2 mm long. 

Staminate flowers are 1.3-1.8 mm in diametre, 3.5-5 mm long pedicel, size of sepal is 1.5-2 mm x 1.3-1.8 mm, relatively thin, greenish, lobes are about 0.3 mm long and 0.8 mm long anthers. Pistillate flowers are 1.6-5.3 mm in diameter, pedicel is 2.5-4 mm long, sepal is 1.3-2.8 mm long and greenish, lobes are 0.4-2.2 mm wide while the ovary is cylindrical about 2 mm x 1 mm and apically divided. The stigmas are about 0.2 mm long but not united and split; theypoint towards each other.

The fruit is  egg-shaped to spherical and its size is about 4.6-6.3 mm x 4.6-6.7 mm. It is sometimes a bit spiny, with narrow apical crown and red.

The seed size is 3-4.5 mm x 1.8-2.5 mm x 1.7-2.5 mm.

Ecology / Cultivation

B. vitis-idaea is usually scattered, in forest edges and clearings in evergreen forest, mangrove, swamp forest, bamboo thickets, along rivers and roads and near the beach, from sea-level up to 800 m altitude.

Line Drawing / Photograph



  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No 12(2). 1998, Unesco.

Explore Further

Consumer Data

Consumer data including medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs and interactions and depletions.                                    

Read More
Professional Data

Professional data organized into medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs, T&CM herbs, formulas, health conditions, interactions and depletions.

Read More
International Data

We offer International linkages to provide extensive content pertaining to many facets of T&CM as well as Integrated Medicine. Please register for access.    

Read More