Bryophyllum pinnatum

Bryophyllum pinnatum

Family

Crassulaceae

Synonyms

Cotyledon pinnata Lamk , Bryophyllum calycinum Salish., Kalanchoe pinnata (Lamk) Pers.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia Sedingin, seringin, setawar padang.
English Life plant, floppers.
Brunei Bendingin, serigen.
Indonesia Daun sejuk (Malay, Palembang), buntiris (Sundanese), sosor bebek (Javanese).
Philippines Karitana (Bisaya), abisrana (Iloko), katakataka (Tagalog).
Burma (Myanmar) Yoekiyapinba.
Laos Poun tay, poun po.
Thailand Benchachat (central), ton tai bai pen, khwum taai ngaai pen.
Vietnam C[aa]y thu[oos]c b[or]ng, c[aa]y tr[uw] [owf]ng sinh, l[aj]c d[ij]a sinh c[aw]n.

Geographical Distributions

B. pinnatum has a pantropical distribution. In Malesia it is naturalised throughout the region. In many places it is a weed; on the other hand it is reported to be cultivated in Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines and Indo-China.

Description

This plant is a smooth, robust and unbranched herb that can grow 30-200 cm tall.

The leaves are fleshy and leathery when older. The younger ones have simple arrangement, egg-shaped with cordate or rounded base while the upper ones is pinnate with 3-5 leaflets that are sized at 5 - 9(-20) cm x 2.5-5 cm. Its base is wedge-shaped while the apex is blunt. The margin is notched with blunt or rounded teeth. Inflorescence is a lax terminal cyme, 10-80 cm long.

The flowers are pendulous, with a cylindrical sepal up to 25 mm x 8 mm. Sepal is slightly indented at the base with the lobes ovate-triangular, very acutely acuminate, 7-12 mm long. The 30 mm long petal tube is cylindrical which is strongly constricted at about 8 mm from the base. The petal lobes are oblong-egg-shaped, about 6 mm long and abruptly long acuminate. They are green in the lower half and red in the upper half.

Ecology / Cultivation

B. pinnatum is found in dry rather sunny locations near human habitation up to 1000 m altitude.

Line Drawing / Photograph

bryophyllum

References

  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No 12(1): Medicinal and poisonous plants 1.