Geophila repens (L.) I.M. Johnst.

Geophila repens (L.) I.M. Johnst.




Geophila reniformis D. Don, Geophila herbacea (Jacq.) O. Kuntze,  Carinta repens (L.) L.B. Sm. & Downs.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia Pegaga ular, pegaga tikus, pantat berok (Peninsular)
Thailand Mali din (Trat), uttaphit nam (Peninsular)

Geographical Distributions

G. repens occurs throughout the tropics of Africa, Madagascar, South and Central America, Asia and Micronesia. It is found in the whole of South-East Asia.


This is a small creeping perennial herb, with papillose stems, which is up to 50 cm long, and profusely rooting.

Leaves are arranged opposite, cordate-orbicular or cordate-reniform with a size of 2-4.5 cm x 1.5-4.5 cm, usually hairless, 7-9-veined and markedly pale below. The petiole is 1-9 cm long and densely papillose. The stipules are interpetiolar and transversely elliptical.

Inflorescence is a terminal few-flowered umbel (flowers often solitary). Peduncle is up to 4 cm long while papillose is hairy. Flowers are bisexual, (4-)5(-7)-merous.  Sepal is deeply divided while the lobes are 3-4 mm long. Petal is tubular-infundibuliform, with 8-11 mm long tube while the lobes are 5-8 mm long, white and soon fall off. The stamens are inserted in petal tube while the filaments are minute. The ovary is inferior, 2-celled, crowned by a thick disk and 2-branched style.

Fruit is spherical or broadly ellipsoid drupe about 8 mm in diametre. It is red but sometimes orange when ripe. There are 2 nutlets, which are plano-convex. 

Ecology / Cultivation

G. repens occurs in lowland forest, in not too dry localities, usually below 1000 m, but sometimes up to 1600 m altitude (e.g. in Java).

Line Drawing / Photograph



  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No.12(3): Medicinal and poisonous plants 3.