Glochidion rubrum Blume

Glochidion rubrum Blume





Vernacular Names

Malaysia Gambiran, senkam, tetimah (Peninsular).
Indonesia Dempul (Javanese), ki timbul (Sundanese), ketemung (Madurese).
Philippines Bagnang-pula (Filipino).
Thailand Chum set, khat na (Peninsular).
Vietnam B[oj]t [ees]ch ven su[oos]i, s[os]c d[or].

Geographical Distributions

This plant can be found in Burma (Myanmar), Indo-China, southern China, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, the Lesser Sunda Islands, the Philippines, Sulawesi and the Moluccas (Tanimbar Island).


G. rubrum is a shrub or small to medium-sized tree that can reach up to 18 m tall while its bole is up to 45 cm in diametre.

Leaves are slightly obliquely oblong-ovate-lance-shaped with a size of 4-12.5 cm x 2-4.5 cm. They are leathery, usually hairless with a 2-4 mm long petiole.

The inflorescence is sessile. The male flowers are with 3 stamens while the female flowers are with 3-5-celled ovary. 

Fruit is a depressed spherical, 3-6-lobed and 8-15 mm in diametre. It is minutely pubescent and shortly stalked.

Ecology / Cultivation

G. rubrum is a variable species. It occurs in forest, mixed lowland dipterocarp forest as well as peat forest, also on river banks, in brushwood and thickets, sometimes also on the seashore, up to 2400 m altitude. It has a slight preference for sandy soils, and is common in many regions.

Line Drawing / Photograph



  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No.12(3): Medicinal and poisonous plants 3.