Compilation of herbal plants (description, geographical distribution, taxonomy, line drawings), biodiversity and herbarium.

Read More
Research & Publication

Description of herbal and T&CM research, searchable publication and process from medicinal plant discovery to clinical trial in producing a high-quality registered herbal drug.

Read More
Traditional & Complementary Medicine (T&CM)


Definition and description of therapies, policy, training and education, research in the practise of (T&CM) and integrated medicine system.           

Read More


News Update

Announcement & Advertisement

Forthcoming Events

Annual Congress on Traditional Medicine

From Wed, 12. May 2021 Until Thu, 13. May 2021

5th International Conference on Medical and Health Informatics (ICMHI 2021

From Fri, 14. May 2021 Until Sun, 16. May 2021

International Conference on Traditional Medicine and Phytochemistry 2021

From Mon, 12. July 2021 Until Wed, 14. July 2021

Asian Symposium on Medicinal Plants and Spices XVII (2020)

From Tue, 17. August 2021 Until Thu, 19. August 2021

Grammatophyllum speciosum Blume

Grammatophyllum speciosum Blume





Vernacular Names

Malaysia Bunga bidadari, ekur gajah (Peninsular).
English Tiger orchid
Indonesia Anggrek tebu (Java).
Thailand Waan phetchahueng (Central), ueang phraao (Northern), waan nguu lueam (Peninsular).
Vietnam Thanh tuy[eef]n.

Geographical Distributions

Its distribution is throughout Burma (Myanmar), Laos, Vietnam, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Bangka, Java, Borneo and the Philippines.


This is a very large herb that reaches up to 7 m tall, without pseudobulbs but with thick, many-leaved, erect-drooping and ascending stems.

Leaves are linear, 50-100 cm x 3 cm.

The many-flowered Inflorescence is erecto-patent to drooping, up to 3 m long including the short peduncle. The flowers are 10-12 cm in diametre. The tepals are pale yellowish-green with reddish-brown blotches while lip is reddish-brown streaked.

Ecology / Cultivation

G. speciosum is an epiphyte on trees in open forest or on isolated trees, up to 550 m altitude.

Line Drawing / Photograph



  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No.12(3): Medicinal and poisonous plants 3.

Explore Further

Consumer Data

Consumer data including medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs and interactions and depletions.                                    

Read More
Professional Data

Professional data organized into medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs, T&CM herbs, formulas, health conditions, interactions and depletions.

Read More
International Data

We offer International linkages to provide extensive content pertaining to many facets of T&CM as well as Integrated Medicine. Please register for access.    

Read More