Grammatophyllum speciosum Blume

Grammatophyllum speciosum Blume





Vernacular Names

Malaysia Bunga bidadari, ekur gajah (Peninsular).
English Tiger orchid
Indonesia Anggrek tebu (Java).
Thailand Waan phetchahueng (Central), ueang phraao (Northern), waan nguu lueam (Peninsular).
Vietnam Thanh tuy[eef]n.

Geographical Distributions

Its distribution is throughout Burma (Myanmar), Laos, Vietnam, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Bangka, Java, Borneo and the Philippines.


This is a very large herb that reaches up to 7 m tall, without pseudobulbs but with thick, many-leaved, erect-drooping and ascending stems.

Leaves are linear, 50-100 cm x 3 cm.

The many-flowered Inflorescence is erecto-patent to drooping, up to 3 m long including the short peduncle. The flowers are 10-12 cm in diametre. The tepals are pale yellowish-green with reddish-brown blotches while lip is reddish-brown streaked.

Ecology / Cultivation

G. speciosum is an epiphyte on trees in open forest or on isolated trees, up to 550 m altitude.

Line Drawing / Photograph



  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No.12(3): Medicinal and poisonous plants 3.