Mussaenda glabra Vahl

Mussaenda glabra Vahl




Mussaenda frondosa auct. non L.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia Balek adap, adap-adap, daun puteri (Peninsular).
Indonesia Kingkilaban, areuy siwurungan (Sundanese), kalik adep (Javanese).
Thailand Bai taang dok (Narathiwat).

Geographical Distributions

This plant is distributed throughout India, Burma (Myanmar), southern China, the Ryukyu Islands, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Sumatra and Java.


M. glabra is a scandent shrub, which can grow up to 5 m tall. The branches are almost smooth. Leaves are elliptical, oblong or elliptical-lance-shaped, 5-14 cm x 1.5-5.5 cm and usually hairless except the veins. The yellow or orange flowers are broadly ovate to elliptical, white enlarged sepal lobe that is up to 12 cm long while the petal is up to 3 cm long. Fruit is ovoid-ellipsoid and up to 12 mm long.

Ecology / Cultivation

M. glabra occurs in more open localities in primary and secondary forest, up to 1700 m altitude. (1)

Line Drawing / Photograph




  1. View Abstract: R.H.M.J. Lemmens and N. Bunyapraphatsara (Editors). Plant Resources of South-East Asia No.12(3): Medicinal and poisonous plants 3. 2003.