Compilation of herbal plants (description, geographical distribution, taxonomy, line drawings), biodiversity and herbarium.

Read More
Research & Publication

Description of herbal and T&CM research, searchable publication and process from medicinal plant discovery to clinical trial in producing a high-quality registered herbal drug.

Read More
Traditional & Complementary Medicine (T&CM)


Definition and description of therapies, policy, training and education, research in the practise of (T&CM) and integrated medicine system.           

Read More


News Update

Announcement & Advertisement

Forthcoming Events

International Congress on Drug Delivery

From Mon, 5. October 2020 Until Tue, 6. October 2020

Global Pharmaceutical and Pharma Industry Conference

From Mon, 12. October 2020 Until Tue, 13. October 2020

14th International Conference on Pharmaceutics and Drug Safety

From Wed, 21. October 2020 Until Thu, 22. October 2020

Seminar Tumbuhan Ubatan, Beraroma dan Pegetahuan Tradisi 2020

From Tue, 10. November 2020 Until Wed, 11. November 2020

2nd International Conference on Natural Products & Traditional Medicine

From Mon, 16. November 2020 Until Tue, 17. November 2020

Diospyros montana Roxb.

Diospyros montana Roxb.




Diospyros cordifolia Roxb., Diospyros diversilimba Merr. & Chun, Diospyros calcarea Fletcher.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia Mentua pungsu (Peninsular).
Indonesia Bidara gunung (Java), morotoalah (Sumba), morotombo (Sulawesi).
Philippines Antinagam (Ilocos Norte), kamagong-bundok, kamagong-liitan (Filipino).
Burma (Myanmar) Gyok tawbut.
Thailand Tan-dam, thanfaiphi.
Vietnam th[ij] n[us]i, nh[oo]n.

Geographical Distributions

D. montana can be found in India, Sri Lanka, Burma (Myanmar), Indo-China, Hainan, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, the Lesser Sunda Islands, the Philippines, Sulawesi, and northern Australia.


D. montana is a small tree up to 15 m tall. The bole is up to 60 cm in diametre. Twigs and trunk are with occasional spines.

The leaves are ovate to obovate, 1.5-15 cm x 1-7.5 cm, rounded to cordate at the base while the apex is obtuse to obtusely acuminate. The leaves are initially sparsely hairy above and below but later becoming smooth on both surfaces. The tertiary venation is reticulate, impressed above and inconspicuous below.

The male flowers are in 3-10-flowered cymes and 4(-5)-merous. There are 16-20 stamens. The female flowers are solitary, 4-merous with 4 styles ovary. 

Fruit is spherical, 1-4 cm in diametre and hairless.

Ecology / Cultivation

D. montana is found in monsoon forest, primary as well as secondary, up to 600 m altitude.

Line Drawing / Photograph



  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No.12(3): Medicinal and poisonous plants 3.

Explore Further

Consumer Data

Consumer data including medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs and interactions and depletions.                                    

Read More
Professional Data

Professional data organized into medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs, T&CM herbs, formulas, health conditions, interactions and depletions.

Read More
International Data

We offer International linkages to provide extensive content pertaining to many facets of T&CM as well as Integrated Medicine. Please register for access.    

Read More