image
Conservation

Compilation of herbal plants (description, geographical distribution, taxonomy, line drawings), biodiversity and herbarium.

Read More
image
Research & Publication

Description of herbal and T&CM research, searchable publication and process from medicinal plant discovery to clinical trial in producing a high-quality registered herbal drug.

Read More
 
Traditional & Complementary Medicine (T&CM)

 

Definition and description of therapies, policy, training and education, research in the practise of (T&CM) and integrated medicine system.           

Read More

 

News Update

Announcement & Advertisement

Forthcoming Events

Annual Congress on Traditional Medicine

From Wed, 12. May 2021 Until Thu, 13. May 2021

5th International Conference on Medical and Health Informatics (ICMHI 2021

From Fri, 14. May 2021 Until Sun, 16. May 2021

International Conference on Traditional Medicine and Phytochemistry 2021

From Mon, 12. July 2021 Until Wed, 14. July 2021

Asian Symposium on Medicinal Plants and Spices XVII (2020)

From Tue, 17. August 2021 Until Thu, 19. August 2021

Diospyros montana Roxb.

Diospyros montana Roxb.

Family

Ebenaceae

Synonyms

Diospyros cordifolia Roxb., Diospyros diversilimba Merr. & Chun, Diospyros calcarea Fletcher.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia Mentua pungsu (Peninsular).
Indonesia Bidara gunung (Java), morotoalah (Sumba), morotombo (Sulawesi).
Philippines Antinagam (Ilocos Norte), kamagong-bundok, kamagong-liitan (Filipino).
Burma (Myanmar) Gyok tawbut.
Thailand Tan-dam, thanfaiphi.
Vietnam th[ij] n[us]i, nh[oo]n.

Geographical Distributions

D. montana can be found in India, Sri Lanka, Burma (Myanmar), Indo-China, Hainan, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, the Lesser Sunda Islands, the Philippines, Sulawesi, and northern Australia.

Description

D. montana is a small tree up to 15 m tall. The bole is up to 60 cm in diametre. Twigs and trunk are with occasional spines.

The leaves are ovate to obovate, 1.5-15 cm x 1-7.5 cm, rounded to cordate at the base while the apex is obtuse to obtusely acuminate. The leaves are initially sparsely hairy above and below but later becoming smooth on both surfaces. The tertiary venation is reticulate, impressed above and inconspicuous below.

The male flowers are in 3-10-flowered cymes and 4(-5)-merous. There are 16-20 stamens. The female flowers are solitary, 4-merous with 4 styles ovary. 

Fruit is spherical, 1-4 cm in diametre and hairless.

Ecology / Cultivation

D. montana is found in monsoon forest, primary as well as secondary, up to 600 m altitude.

Line Drawing / Photograph

Diospyros_montana_Roxb

References

  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No.12(3): Medicinal and poisonous plants 3.

Explore Further

Consumer Data

Consumer data including medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs and interactions and depletions.                                    

Read More
Professional Data

Professional data organized into medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs, T&CM herbs, formulas, health conditions, interactions and depletions.

Read More
International Data

We offer International linkages to provide extensive content pertaining to many facets of T&CM as well as Integrated Medicine. Please register for access.    

Read More