Connarus monocarpus L.

Connarus monocarpus L.




Connarus oligophyllus Wallich ex Planchon.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia Akar tulang daeng, lelemak, merensa (Peninsular).
Indonesia Ki carang areuy (Sundanese), feu feuw (Sumatra), akar kunjal (Bangka).
Philippines Bago-bago (Panay Bisaya), ongali (Samar-Leyte Bisaya).
Thailand Thopthaep (Pattani).

Geographical Distributions

Its distribution is from Sri Lanka, Eastern India, southern Thailand and throughout Malesia except the Moluccas and New Guinea.


C. monocarpus is a large liana that can reach up to 40 m long with stem up to 15 cm in diametre but rarely as a shrub or small tree.

Leaves are with (3-)5-9 leaflets. The leaflets are egg-shaped-elliptical to lance-shaped with a size of 4-14 cm x 2.5-7 cm and hairless.

The petals are 6-10 mm long with both sides are densely but minutely covered with short soft hairs.

The 3-5 cm long fruit is obliquely spindle-shaped to obliquely ellipsoid, with thin and coriaceous pericarp while apical is mucro. 

Ecology / Cultivation

C. monocarpus occurs in primary and secondary forest, also in more open locations and on limestone rock, up to 600 m altitude.

Line Drawing / Photograph



  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No.12(3): Medicinal and poisonous plants 3.