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Calophyllum inophyllum L.

Calophyllum inophyllum L.





Vernacular Names


Bintangor laut, penaga laut (Peninsular), penaga (Sabah).


Alexandrian laurel, Borneo mahogany.


Nyamplung (Java), dingkaran (Sulawesi).

Papua New Guinea

Beach calophyllum.


Palo maria (Sp), bitaog, butalau (general).


Ponnyet, ph'ông.


Khtung, kchyong.


Kra thing (general), saraphee naen (northern), naowakan (Nan).


C[aa]y m[uf]u, m[uf]u.

Geographical Distributions

Calophyllum inophyllum is found grows in Eastern Africa, Madagascar, islands of the Indian Ocean, India, Sri Lanka, Burma (Myanmar), Indo-China, Thailand, Taiwan, the Ryukyu Islands, throughout Malaysia, northern Australia and the islands of the Pacific Ocean; often planted within its range, in western Africa and in tropical America.


This is a medium-sized tree, which can reach up to 25(-35) m tall. It usually has a twisted or leaning bole.

The leaves are elliptical, ovate, obovate or oblong, (5.5-)8-20(-23) cm long and with 4-10 veins per 5 mm. T

he inflorescence is usually unbranched but occasionally with 3-flowered branches.

The flowers are with 8(-13) tepals.

The fruit is 25-50 mm long, spherical to obovoid.

Ecology / Cultivation

C. inophyllum is often common on seashores (sandy beaches), but is sometimes found inland on sandy soils up to 200 m altitude.

Line Drawing / Photograph


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  1) Safety


  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No.12(3): Medicinal and poisonous plants 3.

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