Compilation of herbal plants (description, geographical distribution, taxonomy, line drawings), biodiversity and herbarium.

Read More
Research & Publication

Description of herbal and T&CM research, searchable publication and process from medicinal plant discovery to clinical trial in producing a high-quality registered herbal drug.

Read More
Traditional & Complementary Medicine (T&CM)


Definition and description of therapies, policy, training and education, research in the practise of (T&CM) and integrated medicine system.           

Read More


News Update

Announcement & Advertisement

Forthcoming Events

International Congress on Drug Delivery

From Mon, 5. October 2020 Until Tue, 6. October 2020

Global Pharmaceutical and Pharma Industry Conference

From Mon, 12. October 2020 Until Tue, 13. October 2020

14th International Conference on Pharmaceutics and Drug Safety

From Wed, 21. October 2020 Until Thu, 22. October 2020

Seminar Tumbuhan Ubatan, Beraroma dan Pegetahuan Tradisi 2020

From Tue, 10. November 2020 Until Wed, 11. November 2020

2nd International Conference on Natural Products & Traditional Medicine

From Mon, 16. November 2020 Until Tue, 17. November 2020

Allium sativum L.

Allium sativum L.





Vernacular Names


Bawang putih.




Bawang putih, bawang bodas (Sundanese).

Papua New Guinea

Galik (Pidgin).


Bawang (Tagalog, Ilocano), ajos (Bisaya), ahus (Ibanag).


Khtüm sââ.




Krathiam (General), hom-tiam (Northern).





Geographical Distributions

Allium sativum probably originated from central Asia (Tien Shan), but nowhere truly wild; cultivated all over the world at latitudes of between 5-50 in both hemispheres.


Allium sativum is an erect herb, usually grown as an annual and up to 150 cm tall. The bulb is composed of (1-)4-15 lateral bulbs (cloves) and measures up to 7 cm in diametre.

There are 4-10 leaves while the blades are flat or V-shaped in transverse section.

The herb has one solid inflorescence stalk, and the inflorescence is composed solely of bulbils or of bulbils and flowers. The flowers are often rudimentary or absent, and with greenish-pink to purplish tepals. The stamens and style are shorter than tepals.

The fruit is abortive and seedless.

Ecology / Cultivation

Allium sativum prefers a slightly lower temperatures and a day length of at least 13 hours and it can be grown up to 2200 m altitude. It is grown during the dry season as too much rain will result in a high incidence of fungal diseases. It requires well-drained soils.

Line Drawing / Photograph


Read More

  1) Medicinal Herbs


  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No.12(1): Medicinal and poisonous plants 1.

Explore Further

Consumer Data

Consumer data including medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs and interactions and depletions.                                    

Read More
Professional Data

Professional data organized into medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs, T&CM herbs, formulas, health conditions, interactions and depletions.

Read More
International Data

We offer International linkages to provide extensive content pertaining to many facets of T&CM as well as Integrated Medicine. Please register for access.    

Read More