Compilation of herbal plants (description, geographical distribution, taxonomy, line drawings), biodiversity and herbarium.

Read More
Research & Publication

Description of herbal and T&CM research, searchable publication and process from medicinal plant discovery to clinical trial in producing a high-quality registered herbal drug.

Read More
Traditional & Complementary Medicine (T&CM)


Definition and description of therapies, policy, training and education, research in the practise of (T&CM) and integrated medicine system.           

Read More


News Update

Announcement & Advertisement

Forthcoming Events

International Conference on Traditional Medicine and Phytochemistry 2021

From Mon, 12. July 2021 Until Wed, 14. July 2021

Asian Symposium on Medicinal Plants and Spices XVII (2020)

From Tue, 17. August 2021 Until Thu, 19. August 2021

Alstonia scholaris (L.) R.Br

Alstonia scholaris (L.) R.Br




Echites scholaris L., Tabernaemontana alternifolia Burm., Echites pala Ham.

Vernacular Names


Pulai (Peninsular), kacau gitik (Kiput, Sarawak).


White cheesewood, milkwood, blackboard tree.


Pulai lilin.


Pulai (General), pule (Javanese), rite (Ambon).

Papua New Guinea

Katung (Buang, Morobe Province), kambuu (Kanganaman, Sepik Province), herina (Hisui, Central Province).


Dita (Tagalog, Bikul, Sulu), dalipaoen (Iloko), tanitan (Bisaya).


Taung meok, lettok.




Sattaban, tin pet (Central), hassaban (Southwestern).


M[of] cua, s[uwx]a.



Geographical Distributions

Alstonia scholaris is the most widely distributed Alstonia species, found from Sri Lanka and India through mainland Southeast Asia and southern China, throughout Malaysia, to northern Australia, the Bismarck Archipelago and the Solomon Islands. It has also been planted elsewhere.


Alstonia scholaris is a medium-sized to large tree that can grow up to 10-50(-60) m tall. The bole is cylindrical, massively fluted in older trees and measures up to 125 cm in diametre.

The buttresses are stout, and measure up to 10 m tall which spread out at the base for up to 4 m. The outer bark is brown or yellowish-white, smooth but coming off evenly in small papery flakes, with horizontally enlarged lenticels and hoops while the inner bark is yellow to brown, usually tinged yellowish and with copious white latex.

The leaves are in whorls of 4-8(-9), narrowly elliptical to obovate, measuring (5-)6-17(-22) cm x (1.5-)2.5-7.5(-8.5) cm, obtuse or rounded at apex and with 25-45(-55) pairs of secondary veins. The petiole is 5-20(-25) mm long.

The inflorescence is mostly formed of dense bunches of flowers and many-flowered while the pedicel is 0-2 mm long. The sepal is soft hairy while the petal is hairy outside. Follicles are hairless. 

Ecology / Cultivation

Alstonia scholaris is most abundant in monsoon areas, and it tolerates various soils and habitats, including secondary vegetation. It occurs from sea level up to about 1250 m altitude. As an ornament, it has proved to be adaptable to the climates of southern Florida and California (United States).

Line Drawing / Photograph


Read More

  1) Safety


  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No.12(2): Medicinal and poisonous plants 2.

Explore Further

Consumer Data

Consumer data including medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs and interactions and depletions.                                    

Read More
Professional Data

Professional data organized into medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs, T&CM herbs, formulas, health conditions, interactions and depletions.

Read More
International Data

We offer International linkages to provide extensive content pertaining to many facets of T&CM as well as Integrated Medicine. Please register for access.    

Read More