image
Conservation

Compilation of herbal plants (description, geographical distribution, taxonomy, line drawings), biodiversity and herbarium.

Read More
image
Research & Publication

Description of herbal and T&CM research, searchable publication and process from medicinal plant discovery to clinical trial in producing a high-quality registered herbal drug.

Read More
 
Traditional & Complementary Medicine (T&CM)

 

Definition and description of therapies, policy, training and education, research in the practise of (T&CM) and integrated medicine system.           

Read More

 

News Update

Announcement & Advertisement

Forthcoming Events

International Congress on Drug Delivery

From Mon, 5. October 2020 Until Tue, 6. October 2020

Global Pharmaceutical and Pharma Industry Conference

From Mon, 12. October 2020 Until Tue, 13. October 2020

14th International Conference on Pharmaceutics and Drug Safety

From Wed, 21. October 2020 Until Thu, 22. October 2020

Seminar Tumbuhan Ubatan, Beraroma dan Pegetahuan Tradisi 2020

From Tue, 10. November 2020 Until Wed, 11. November 2020

2nd International Conference on Natural Products & Traditional Medicine

From Mon, 16. November 2020 Until Tue, 17. November 2020

Prismatomeris tetrandra (Roxb.) K. Schumann

Prismatomeris tetrandra (Roxb.) K. Schumann

Family

Rubiaceae

Synonyms

Prismatomeris malayana Ridley, Prismatomeris albidiflora auct. non Thwaites.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia

Sepedeh, mundess, susun kelapa hutan (Peninsular).

Indonesia

Mentulang (Bangka).

Philippines

Hagpo (Ibanag).

Cambodia

Romdenh men, romdenh meas.

Thailand

Kraduk kai (Peninsular), to kraduk (Loei), son pa (Nakhon Ratchasima).

Vietnam

Mu[oof]i, l[aw]ng trang.

Geographical Distributions

Prismatomeris tetrandra occurs in north-eastern India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Burma (Myanmar), southern Laos, Vietnam, southern China, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Anambas Islands (Indonesia) and the Philippines (Luzon).

Description

Prismatomeris tetrandra is a shrub or small tree which can grow up to 7 m tall. Its young branches are with 2 prominent longitudinal ridges.

The leaves are arranged decussately opposite on vertical branches, distichously opposite on horizontal branches, simple and entire, elliptical or narrowly elliptical to ovate or narrowly ovate, measuring 3-23 cm x 1-8 cm, truncate at base, acute to acuminate at apex, papery to leathery and pinnately veined. The petiole is 2-25 mm long. The stipules are interpetiolar, narrowly triangular, measure up to 7.5 mm long and caducous or persistent.

The inflorescence is a terminal or axillary cyme and with up to 20 flowers. The flowers are bisexual, heterodistylous and strongly scented. The pedicel is up to 3.5 cm long. The sepal is tubular, measures up to 2.5 mm long and usually denticulate. The petal is saucer-shaped, where the tube is up to 3 cm long while lobes are up to 2.5 cm long, spreading and white. The stamens are inserted above the middle of the petal tube. The ovary is inferior, with 2-celled, threadlike style and 2-lobed stigma.

The fruit is a spherical drupe, measures 7-11 mm in diametre, blackish-purple to blackish-blue and 1-seeded.

The seed is almost spherical, measures up to 9 mm in diametre and with dark reddish-brown testa while the endosperm is corneous. 

Ecology / Cultivation

Prismatomeris tetrandra occurs mainly in highland regions up to 1800 m altitude, and has been collected in primary and secondary, damp and dry, evergreen and deciduous forests and occasionally in savanna woodlands. 

Line Drawing / Photograph

Prismatomeris_tetrandra

References


1.       Plant Resources of South-East Asia No.12(3): Medicinal and poisonous plants 3.

Explore Further

Consumer Data

Consumer data including medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs and interactions and depletions.                                    

Read More
Professional Data

Professional data organized into medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs, T&CM herbs, formulas, health conditions, interactions and depletions.

Read More
International Data

We offer International linkages to provide extensive content pertaining to many facets of T&CM as well as Integrated Medicine. Please register for access.    

Read More