Tabernaemontana pandacaqui Poir.

Tabernaemontana pandacaqui Poir.




Tabernaemontana orientalis R.Br., Tabernaemontana cumingiana A.DC., Ervatamia pandacaqui (Poir.) Pichon.

Vernacular Names


Kampupot (Tagalog), pan­dakaki (Tagalog, Bisaya, Pampangan).


Put farang (Bangkok), phut tum (Northern).

Papua New Guinea

Oru (Rulu, Central Province), karaban (Nyamikum, Sepik).

Geographical Distributions

Tabernaemontana pandacaqui is distributed from Thailand and southern Tai­wan throughout the Philippines to Sabah, from East Java and Sulawesi eastwards throughout New Guinea into the Pacific and northern and eastern Australia.


Tabernaemontana pandacaqui is a shrub or small tree. It can grow up to 1-14 m tall while its trunk is up to 20 cm in diametre.

The leaves are ellipti­cal to narrowly elliptical, measure (1.5-)3-25 cm x (0.4-) 1-10 cm and 1.7-4(7) times longer than wide. The apex is ob­tuse or sometimes rounded. The secondary veins are usu­ally pale green on both sides while the petiole is 3-20 mm long.

The inflorescence is rather lax or more or less con­gested, measures 3-11 cm x 3-16 cm and 1-many-flowered. The flowers are slightly or not scented and open during the day. The sepals are pale green, while the corolla is in mature bud 10-31 mm long with a comparatively wide subglobose or mostly broadly ovoid head which is 15-40% of the bud length; apex is blunt or rounded, and the tube is 3.7-11 times longer than the calyx, 8-22 mm long, 0.25-0.5 turn or not twist­ed just below the anthers.

The fruit consists of 2 separate mericarps. They are obliquely ellipsoid or nearly globular, with 1 adaxial and 1-2 lateral ridges or wings, orange, red or yel­low and 2-40-seeded.

Ecology / Cultivation

Tabernaemontana pandacaqui is found in forests or bushes, often on limestones from sea level up to 1800 m altitude. It flowers and fruits throughout the year. In the Philippines, flowering peaks from March to June and fruiting from September to November. In Papua New Guinea, flowering peaks in March and from November to December while fruiting in January and September.

Line Drawing / Photograph



  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No.12(2): Medicinal and poisonous plants 2.