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Hibiscus tiliaceus L.

Hibiscus tiliaceus L.




Hibiscus hastatus L.f., Hibis­cus similis Blume, Hibiscus celebicus Koord.

Vernacular Names


Mahoe, sea hibiscus.


Waru, waru laut, baru.


Malabago (Pilipino, Tagalog), dangliu (Tagalog), ragindi (Bisaya).


Thin ban.


Hou sua, ta sua.


Khamin naang matsee (North-eastern), po naa (Peninsular), po faai (Central).


Tra l[af]m chi[ees]u, b[uj]p tra.

Papua New Guinea

Banj (Gaiko­rovi, Sepik Province), pow (Lomeoi, Manus Island), valu (Hula, Central Province).

Geographical Distributions

Hibiscus tiliaceus is found throughout the tropics or near sandy shores.


Hibiscus tiliaceus is a small tree or shrub that can reach up to 15(-30) m tall.

The leaves are suborbicular, or ovate for the upper ones. They are 10-15 cm long, deeply cordate at base, cuspidate at apex, with finely toothed margin, 1-5 central veins with a nectary, shiny at the upper surface, with large stipules and spreading.

The epicalyx is cupular, slightly accrescent, shorter than the sepal, 8-11-­lobed and stellate-hairy. The sepal is bell-shaped, 5-fid and with nectarines outside while the petal is large, 5 cm long, yellow with a purple heart but later turns to orange-red. The staminal column is antheriferous and short­er than the petals. It has yellow style and purple stigmas.

There are 5-7 seeds per cell. They are kidney-shaped, dotted with tiny warts and black-brown.

Ecology / Cultivation

Hibiscus tiliaceus is common along seashores and beside tidal streams.

Line Drawing / Photograph


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  1)  Safety


  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No.12(2): Medicinal and poisonous plants 2.

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