image
Conservation

Compilation of herbal plants (description, geographical distribution, taxonomy, line drawings), biodiversity and herbarium.

Read More
image
Research & Publication

Description of herbal and T&CM research, searchable publication and process from medicinal plant discovery to clinical trial in producing a high-quality registered herbal drug.

Read More
 
Traditional & Complementary Medicine (T&CM)

 

Definition and description of therapies, policy, training and education, research in the practise of (T&CM) and integrated medicine system.           

Read More

 

News Update

Announcement & Advertisement

Forthcoming Events

International Congress on Drug Delivery

From Mon, 5. October 2020 Until Tue, 6. October 2020

Global Pharmaceutical and Pharma Industry Conference

From Mon, 12. October 2020 Until Tue, 13. October 2020

14th International Conference on Pharmaceutics and Drug Safety

From Wed, 21. October 2020 Until Thu, 22. October 2020

Seminar Tumbuhan Ubatan, Beraroma dan Pegetahuan Tradisi 2020

From Tue, 10. November 2020 Until Wed, 11. November 2020

2nd International Conference on Natural Products & Traditional Medicine

From Mon, 16. November 2020 Until Tue, 17. November 2020

Leea guineensis G. Don

Leea guineensis G. Don

Family

Leeaceae

Synonyms

Leea manillensis Walp., Leea coccinea Planch., Leea sambucina auct. non Willd.

Vernacular Names

English West Indian holly (L. coc­cinea).
Philippines

Abang-abang (Tagalog), mali-mali (Tagalog, Pampanga).

Thailand

Kra­dangngaa daeng (Central), khueang khaeng maa (Northern), seesa lueat (Peninsular).

Vietnam

G[oos]i h[aj]c tr[aws]ng, c[or] h[aj]c.

Geographical Distributions

Leea guineensis is distributed from tropical Africa, Madagas­car, India, Burma (Myanmar), throughout Southeast Asia (except New Guinea) to Taiwan and Palau (Micronesia).

Description

Leea guineensis is a shrub, sometimes with a creeping rootstock, or semi-woody branches or tree. It can grow up to 1-5(-10) m tall and its young twigs are smooth.

The leaves are (1-)2 or 3(-4)-pinnate, with numerous leaflets, rachis up to 50 cm long, petiole (5-)10-20(-25) cm long, with obovate stipules, measuring 2-4(-6) cm x (1-)1.5-3 cm, early cauducous and hairless. The leaflets are ovate to ovate-Iance-shaped or elliptical to elliptical-Iance-shaped, measure (3-)8-20 (-30) cm x (1.5-)3-8(-14) cm, wedge-shaped to rounded at base, (long-)acuminate at apex, with repand to denticulate margin, small pearl-glands, inconspicuous and ca­uducous.

The cyme is (3-)10-25(-40) cm long, lax or com­pact, rusty pubescent, with ovate to deltoid bracts and up to 3 mm long. The flowers are red to reddish-orange. The sepal measures about 1-3 mm x 2-4 mm, hairless to pubescent, with red to citrous-white staminodial tube and about 2-3 mm long. The upper part is 1.5-2.5 mm long, with shallowly retuse lobes, notched or cleft, shallow sinuses and (4-)6(-8)-celled ovary.

The berry is 5-15 mm in diametre, red and 6-seeded. The seed measures 6 mm x 5 mm.

Ecology / Cultivation

Leea guineensis is found in secondary and primary vegetation in Tai­wan, the Philippines and Micronesia; throughout the remainder of Malaysia, it is rather rare in pri­mary forests and shaded localities, but a common component of secondary vegetation in mainland Asia and Africa, from sea level up to 1500 m alti­tude.

Line Drawing / Photograph

leea_guineensis

References

  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No.12(2): Medicinal and poisonous plants 2.

Explore Further

Consumer Data

Consumer data including medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs and interactions and depletions.                                    

Read More
Professional Data

Professional data organized into medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs, T&CM herbs, formulas, health conditions, interactions and depletions.

Read More
International Data

We offer International linkages to provide extensive content pertaining to many facets of T&CM as well as Integrated Medicine. Please register for access.    

Read More