Amomum hochreutineri Valeton

Amomum hochreutineri Valeton

Family

Zingiberaceae

Synonyms

None

Vernacular Names

Indonesia Kihitir, cacabutan (Sundanese).

Geographical Distributions

Amomum hochreutineri is very locally grown in western Java.

Description

Amomum hochreutineri is a medium-sized herb that can grow up to 100 cm tall. It is with stout and long rhizome, whitish, measures up to 1 cm thick, slender and with red leafy stems.

The leaves are lance-shaped with the larger ones measuring 55-70 cm x 7.5-9 cm.

The inflorescence is ascending, hardly raised above the ground, measures up to 30 cm long, few-flowered, with few bracts of up to 3.5 cm long, with 1-2 sterile, outer bracteoles about 2 cm long and hardly sheathing. The flowers are sessile and exserted from bracts. The sepal tube is about as long as sepal, with erect labellum, much exserted, white, greenish-yellow in the centre and red-streaked. The stamen is hardly shorter than petal. The anther is with 3-­lobed appendage.

The fruit is about 1.5 cm long, 9-12-­ribbed, with curled-crenate margins ribs that are white and with red stripes. 

Ecology / Cultivation

Amomum hochreutineri occurs in prima­ry lower montane forests at 1000-1400 m altitude.

Line Drawing / Photograph

BOT00370

References

  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No.12(1): Medicinal and poisonous plants 1.