Cinchona officinalis L.

Cinchona officinalis L.

Family

Rubiaceae

Synonyms

Cinchona calisaya Wedd., Cinchona ledgeriana Moens ex Trimen.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia

Kuinin.

English

Crown cinchona, Ledger cinchona, yellow cinchona.

Geographical Distributions

Cinchona officinalis is naturally distributed in South America from Colombia to Bolivia; and planted in many tropical countries, e.g. in India and IndoneĀ­sia (Java).

Description

Cinchona officinalis is a small tree that can reach up to 16 m tall.

The leaves measure 7-28 cm x 2.5-13 cm, hairless and with domatia beneath.

The flowers are 8-17 mm long, with hairless sepal and with yellowish-white to fleshy-colored or red petal.

The fruit is up to 25 mm long, smooth or sparsely hairy.

Ecology / Cultivation

Cinchona officinalis occurs naturally in mountainous regions at 1200-3000 m altitude. In Java, it is planted at 800-2000 m.

Line Drawing / Photograph

BOT00375

References

  1.  Plant Resources of South-East Asia No.12(1): Medicinal and poisonous plants 1.