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Morus alba L.

Morus alba L.




Morus indica L., Morus at­ropurpurea Roxb., Morus morettiana Jacq. ex Burr.

Vernacular Names


White mulberry.


Murbei (General), besaran (Ja­vanese).


Amoras (Filipino), amingit (lgorot), mora (Ibanag).






D[aajlu t[aaf]m, tang.


Murier blanc.


Moral blanco, morera blanca.

Geographical Distributions

Morus alba is native to China, now widely culti­vated in temperate and tropical regions; in Malay­sia it is occasionally naturalised, i.e. in the Philippines (Batan Island and Cagayan Province) where it was introduced in 1780.


Morus alba is a small to medium-sized tree that can reach up to 15(-20) m tall. Its bole is up to 70 cm in diametre. The bark surface is dark grey-brown and with horizontal lenticels.

The leaves are ovate to broadly ovate, measuring 5-16 cm x 4-12 cm, rounded to shallowly cordate at the base, acute to acuminate at apex, pubescent on the main veins and with slender petiole 1-3.5 cm long. The male spikes are 1-1.5(-2) cm long while the female spikes are 0.5-1.3 cm long and ovoid.

The syncarp is ovoid and measures 1.5-2.5 cm long.

Ecology / Cultivation

Morus alba can be cultivated at 0-3500 m altitude, but in the humid tropics, it does not produce good fruit when planted at sea ­level.

Line Drawing / Photograph



  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No.12(1): Medicinal and poisonous plants 1.

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