Compilation of herbal plants (description, geographical distribution, taxonomy, line drawings), biodiversity and herbarium.

Read More
Research & Publication

Description of herbal and T&CM research, searchable publication and process from medicinal plant discovery to clinical trial in producing a high-quality registered herbal drug.

Read More
Traditional & Complementary Medicine (T&CM)


Definition and description of therapies, policy, training and education, research in the practise of (T&CM) and integrated medicine system.           

Read More


News Update

Announcement & Advertisement

Forthcoming Events

Annual Congress on Traditional Medicine

From Wed, 12. May 2021 Until Thu, 13. May 2021

5th International Conference on Medical and Health Informatics (ICMHI 2021

From Fri, 14. May 2021 Until Sun, 16. May 2021

International Conference on Traditional Medicine and Phytochemistry 2021

From Mon, 12. July 2021 Until Wed, 14. July 2021

Asian Symposium on Medicinal Plants and Spices XVII (2020)

From Tue, 17. August 2021 Until Thu, 19. August 2021

Parkia speciosa Hassk

Parkia speciosa Hassk




Parkia macrocarpa Miquel.

Vernacular Names




Petai, pete (Javanese), peuteuy (Sundanese).


Sator (General), sator dan (Peninsular), sator kow (Peninsular).

Geographical Distributions

Parkia spe­ciosa is native to Malaysia, Brunei, Indonesia, and peninsular Thailand. Occasionally it is cultivated, but rarely outside its native area.


Parkia spe­ciosa is a tree that can reach up to 30 m tall, with smooth reddish-brown bark and hairy branchlets.

The leaves are arranged alternate and bipinnate. The petiole is 2-6 cm long, with subcircular glands about 1 cm above the base. The rachis is 18-30 cm long, with subcircular glands be­tween the junctions of the basal pairs of pinnae. There are 14-18 pairs of pinnae which are 3-9 cm long, and with circular glands below the basal pairs of leaflets. There are (18-)31-38 pairs of leaflets per pinna which are linear, and measuring 5-9 mm x 1.5-2.2 mm where the base at one side is expanded into an apiculate auricle. The apex is rounded and mucronate.

The inflo­rescence is a pear-shaped pendulous head and measures 2-5 cm in diametre. The peduncle is 20-45 cm long. The flowers are small and numerous. They are brown-yellow, male or asexual at the base of the head and bisexual at the apex of the head. The sepal and petal are tubular and 5-lobed. There are 10 stamens (staminodes). The filaments at the base unite into a tube. The ovary is borne on a short stalk.

The fruit is a legume on a long stalk. It measures 35-45 cm x 3-5 cm, usually strong twisted and prominently swollen over the 12-18 seeds.

The seed is broadly ovoid, measuring 2-2.5 cm x 1.5-2 cm, horizon­tal in the pod, with very thin testa and white.

Ecology / Cultivation

Parkia spe­ciosa is frequently cultivated from the plains up to elevations of 1500 m, but it does best between 500-1000 m. At low elevations, there are pest problems, and above 1000 m, produc­tivity decreases. Wild trees are found in primary and secondary forests, mostly at low elevations.

Line Drawing / Photograph


Read More

  1)  Safety



  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No.8: Vegetables.

Explore Further

Consumer Data

Consumer data including medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs and interactions and depletions.                                    

Read More
Professional Data

Professional data organized into medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs, T&CM herbs, formulas, health conditions, interactions and depletions.

Read More
International Data

We offer International linkages to provide extensive content pertaining to many facets of T&CM as well as Integrated Medicine. Please register for access.    

Read More