Spilanthes paniculata Wall. ex DC.

Spilanthes paniculata Wall. ex DC.

Family

Compositae

Synonyms

Spilanthes pseudo-acmella auct., non (L.) Murr., Spilanthes acmella auct., non (L.) Murr.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia

Getang, kerabu.

Indonesia

Jotang, jocong, daun getang.

Philip­pines

Biri (Igorot), dilag-dilag (lfugao), gatang­-gatang (Sulu).

Laos

Kh'aad.

Thailand

Phakkhrat (Central), phakphet (Northern), phaktumhu (Peninsular).

Vietnam

C[us]c n[us]t [as]o, c[us]c [as]o.

Geographical Distributions

Spilanthes paniculata seems to be the major source of edible leaves. It occurs in South America but is also a common weed in the whole of Southeast Asia, including Papua New Guinea.

Description

Spilanthes paniculata is an annual or short-lived perennial herb, erect or prostrate at the base and rooting at the nodes where upwards often strongly branched.

The leaf blade is broadly ovate to ovate-triangular and measuring 1-12 cm x 0.5-7 cm. There are 8-14 involucral bracts in 2 rows. The peduncle is up to 16 cm long.

The flower heads are radiate or conical, and measuring10-15 mm x 8-11 mm. The ray flowers are (0-)5(-12).

The one-seeded fruit is 2-3 mm long.

Ecology / Cultivation

Spilanthes paniculata grows in drier places, such as upland fields ('jotang huma' in In­donesia), waste places, roadsides, and riversides. In Java, it occurs up to 1200 m altitude, while in Papua New Guinea up to 300 m. It flowers year-round and produces plen­ty of seeds which are dispersed by animals and wind.

Line Drawing / Photograph

Spilanthes_paniculata_Wall_ex_DC

References

  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 8: Vegetables.