Cyanidin 3-[6-(p-coumaroyl)-2-(xylosyl)-glucoside]-5-glucoside and other anthocyanins from fruits of Sambucus canadensis.

Author

Johansen OP, Andersen OM, Nerdal W

Date

1991

Journal

Phytochemistry

Abstract

ISSN: 0031-9422 From the fruits of Sambucus canadensis four anthocyanin glycosides have been isolated by successive application of an ion-exchange resin, droplet-counter chromatography and gel filtration. The structure of the novel, major (69.8%) pigment, cyanidin 3-O-[6-O-(E-p- coumaroyl-2-O-(beta-D-xylopyranosyl)-beta-D- glucopyranoside]-5-O- beta-D-glucopyranoside, was determined by means of chemical degradation, chromatography and spectroscopy, especially homo- and heteronuclear two-dimensional NMR techniques. The other anthocyanins were identified as cyanidin 3-sambubioside-5-glucoside (22.7%), cyanidin 3-sambubioside (2.3%) and cyanidin 3-glucoside (2.1%).