Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oils of Pistacia lentiscus var. chia

Author

Magiatis P, Melliou E, Skaltsounis AL

Date

12/1999

Journal

Planta Med

Abstract

The chemical composition of the three essential oils obtained by steam distillation of the mastic gum, leaves and twigs of Pistacia lentiscus var. chia, was studied by GC/MS. Sixty nine constituents were identified from the oils. alpha-Pinene, myrcene, trans- caryophyllene and germacrene D were found to be the major components. The in vitro antimicrobial activity of the three essential oils and of the resin (total, acid and neutral fraction) against six bacteria and three fungi is reported.