Cyclo(His-Pro): its distribution, origin and function in the human.

Author

Prasad C

Date

1988

Journal

Neurosci Biobehav Rev

Abstract

Cyclo(His-Pro), or histidyl-proline diketopiperazine, is a cyclic dipeptide endogenous to blood, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), semen, brain, spinal cord, and gastrointestinal tract of humans. Although a part of cyclo(His-Pro) clearly appears to be derived from the limited proteolysis of thyrotropin-releasing hormone by Pyroglutamate aminopeptidase, the biosynthetic origin of the remainder of the peptide can only be speculated. The levels of this peptide in blood and CSF fluctuate in health and disease in a manner appropriate for a physiologically active endogenous molecule.