The effects of potassium, magnesium, calcium, and fiber on risk of stroke


Suter PM




Nutr Rev


Stroke mortality represents the third leading cause of death worldwide, after coronary artery disease and cancer. High blood pressure is a major risk factor for stroke. A recent study has identified potassium, magnesium, and fiber as significant modulators of stroke risk in men. The protective effects were particularly pronounced in hypertensive subjects. The observed protection may be due to direct and indirect effects of these nutrients on blood pressure and regulatory functions, such as endothelial function. A high intake of these nutrients, singularly or in combination, is associated with a more healthful overall lifestyle. The best strategy to achieve a high intake of these nutrients is a diet rich in fruits and vegetables.