Serum selenium and the risk of coronary heart disease and stroke


Virtamo J




Am J Epidemiol


The association between serum selenium concentration and five-year risk of cardiovascular disease was studied in 1,110 men aged 55 to 74 years in two rural areas of Finland. In the total cohort, all-cause and cardiovascular deaths were associated significantly with serum selenium of less than 45 micrograms/liter, an adjusted relative risk of 1.4 (95% confidence interval (Cl), 1.0-2.0, p less than 0.05) and 1.6 (95% Cl, 1.1-2.3, p less than 0.05), respectively. Among men free of coronary heart disease at the outset, these associations were of similar magnitude but did not attain statistical significance. Among men free of stroke at the outset, low serum selenium was associated significantly with stroke mortality, an adjusted relative risk of 3.7 (95% Cl, 1.0-13.1). The associations of coronary deaths and myocardial infarctions with low serum selenium were nonsignificant.