image
Conservation

Compilation of herbal plants (description, geographical distribution, taxonomy, line drawings), biodiversity and herbarium.

Read More
image
Research & Publication

Description of herbal and T&CM research, searchable publication and process from medicinal plant discovery to clinical trial in producing a high-quality registered herbal drug.

Read More
 
Traditional & Complementary Medicine (T&CM)

 

Definition and description of therapies, policy, training and education, research in the practise of (T&CM) and integrated medicine system.           

Read More

 

News Update

Announcement & Advertisement

Forthcoming Events

International Conference on Biotechnology and Healthcare

From Mon, 7. December 2020 Until Tue, 8. December 2020

International Conference on Malay Medical Manuscript

From Tue, 15. December 2020 Until Wed, 16. December 2020

International Conference on Natural Medicine and Nutrition (ICNMN) 2020

From Thu, 17. December 2020 Until Fri, 18. December 2020

1st Global Summit on Generic Drugs and Quality Control

From Fri, 22. January 2021 Until Sat, 23. January 2021

International Conference on Natural Products and Drug Discovery (ICNPDD) 2021

From Thu, 11. February 2021 Until Fri, 12. February 2021

Melatonin modulation of estrogen-regulated proteins, growth factors, and proto-oncogenes in human breast cancer.

Author

Molis TM, Spriggs LL, Jupiter Y

Date

3/1995

Journal

J Pineal Res

Abstract

The growth-inhibitory actions of the pineal hormone, melatonin, on human breast tumor cells and the possible association between this inhibition and melatonin's down-regulation of the estrogen receptor (ER) expression were examined in the ER-positive, estrogen-responsive MCF-7 human breast tumor cell line. As previously reported, melatonin dramatically inhibits the growth of these breast tumor cells and down- regulates ER levels in these cells, suggesting that the modulation of ER may be an important mechanism by which melatonin inhibits breast cancer cell growth. In the present studies, Northern blot analysis was used to examine the expression of estrogen-regulated transcripts known to be involved in estrogen's mitogenic actions. Melatonin, at a physiologic concentration (10(-9) M), rapidly, significantly, and, in some cases, transiently elevated the steady-state mRNA levels of growth stimulatory products such as TGF alpha, c-myc, and pS2, which are normally up-regulated in response to estrogen. Conversely, melatonin decreased the expression of other factors normally up- regulated by estrogen, such as progesterone receptor and c-fos. Significant stimulation of the expression of the growth-inhibitory factor TGF beta was seen with melatonin treatment, potentially supporting the concept that melatonin's growth-inhibitory activity is mediated through the breast tumor cells' estrogen-response pathway. The early regulation of many of these products by melatonin suggests that mechanisms more rapid than the down-regulation of ER are important in melatonin's modulation of their expression. However, the long-term modulation of these transcripts (12-48 hr) may be heavily influenced by melatonin's down-regulation of ER expression. These results clearly define the need for additional in depth studies to dissect the cellular events leading to melatonin-induced growth inhibition in breast tumor cells.

Explore Further

Consumer Data

Consumer data including medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs and interactions and depletions.                                    

Read More
Professional Data

Professional data organized into medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs, T&CM herbs, formulas, health conditions, interactions and depletions.

Read More
International Data

We offer International linkages to provide extensive content pertaining to many facets of T&CM as well as Integrated Medicine. Please register for access.    

Read More