Blood manganese levels in children with convulsive disorder.


Dupont CL, Tanaka Y




Biochem Med


Manganese deficiency syndromes have been well described in animals and include among a wide variety of metabolic aberrations the heightened susceptibility to convulsions induced by electroshock or drugs. We have measured manganese blood levels in two populations of children: (1) a reference group of 120 ambulatory patients without neurologic disease, (2) 197 patients with convulsive disorder. Blood manganese was found to be age related in infants under 1 year of age. Highly significant was the lower mean blood manganese found in the convulsive disorder group as compared to the reference group. There was also a slight trend in the convulsive group for blood manganese to decrease from 1 to 22 years of age. No significant differences in manganese levels were found related to sex, type of seizure disorder, type of anticonvulsant drug therapy, or serum level of drug. Although this study does not demonstrate a causal relation between manganese and seizure disorder, and cannot be used as the basis for altering current approaches to therapy, it provides insight into the potentially important role of previously unrecognized factors in the pathophysiology of this syndrome.