Articles

The role of psychosocial factors in irritable bowel syndrome.

Author

Gaynes BN, Drossman DA

Date

10/1999

Journal

Baillieres Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol

Abstract

Psychosocial factors, as appreciated within the context of the biopsychosocial model, are necessary for understanding the clinical expression of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) by virtue of their key roles in the development, precipitation and perpetuation of IBS. Addressing psychosocial factors in assessment and management leads to improvement in the clinical outcome for IBS patients. Pertinent management components include adopting a 'care' approach within an ongoing collaborative treatment relationship; offering any psychological or psychiatric intervention as part of a multi- disciplinary treatment approach; providing education and reassurance; and using mental health professionals when indicated.