Endocrine environment of benign prostatic hyperplasia: prostate size and volume are correlated with serum estrogen concentration.


Suzuki K, Ito K, Ichinose Y, Kurokawa K




Scand J Urol Nephrol


Estrogen plays an important role in the development of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), as has been shown in both experimental and clinical studies. T determine the endocrine environment of BPH, serum total testosterone (Total-T), free testosterone (Free-T), and estradiol (E2) conceptions were measured, and the relationship between these levels and prostate size and volume was analyzed. Blood samples were collected from subjects who attended the mass screening for prostate disease performed by our institute. No significant correlations were found between Total-T levels, Free-T levels, and prostate size, as determined by digital rectal examination. However, E2 levels and the ratios for E2 levels and the ratios for E2/Total-T and E2/Free-T were significantly correlated with prostate size. To confirm these relationships, prostate volume was calculated from transrectal ultrasonographic images. E2 levels and these two ratios were, indeed, highly correlated with prostate volume. These results suggest that an estrogen-dominant environment plays an important role in the development of BPH.