A personal experience in comparing three nonoperative techniques for treating internal hemorrhoids.


Zinberg SS, Stern DH, Furman DS




Am J Gastroenterol


Infrared photocoagulation therapy was used on a total of 302 patients. Approximately 20% of the patients experienced minor bleeding; however, two required surgery, and 30% of the patients experienced discomfort during a 14-day period following the procedure. Good results were obtained in patients with first- and second-degree hemorrhoids. Heater probe coagulation therapy was conducted in a total of 264 patients. Good results were achieved in 90% of patients with first- and second-degree hemorrhoids, minor pain and bleeding occurred in approximately 10% of these patients, and one patient with third-degree hemorrhoids who was treated with this technique failed to respond and required surgery. Ultroid d.c. current therapy was utilized in 192 patients, and follow-up results were good in 95% of these cases. Minor bleeding occurred in four patients. It is concluded that all three techniques, performed on an outpatient basis with little or no sedation, are effective modalities for first- and second-degree hemorrhoids, but that Ultroid d.c. current therapy is associated with less discomfort and fewer complications and that Ultroid therapy may yield good results in some patients with third- or even fourth-degree hemorrhoids.