Isolation and partial characterization of a novel amino sugar-containing fucan sulfate from commercial Fucus vesiculosus fucoidan.


Nishino T, Nishioka C, Ura H, Nagumo T.




Carbohydr Res


Commercial crude fucoidan (Sigma) from the brown seaweed Fucus vesiculosus was fractionated into its polysaccharide components by gel filtration and anion-exchange chromatography to clarify the structure-anticoagulant activity relationship. The products comprised a wide spectrum of fucans ranging from typical fucoidans (major components) containing mainly fucose, sulfate, and no uronic acid to low sulfate-containing heteropolysaccharide-like fucans (minor components) being composed of neutral sugars other than fucose and a high content of uronic acid(s). The polysaccharide components also had a wide range of molecular weight. The typical fucoidans showed a potent anticoagulant activity, whereas the other fucans had no or only slight activity. One of the fractions found as a minor component, was a novel polysaccharide containing an appreciable amount (11.5%) of glucosamine and a small amount (5.2%) of protein in addition to fucose and sulfate, and having a low apparent molecular weight of 6800. This is the first report that a proteoglycan-like, amino sugar-containing fucan sulfate, composed of fucose, galactose, glucose, mannose, xylose, uronic acid, glucosamine, and sulfate in the molar ratio of 1.00:0.04:0.01:0.48:0.24:0.18:0.56:1.90, could be obtained from brown seaweed. However, this polysaccharide showed no anticoagulant activity.